Concrete fence — monolithic, type-setting, block, independent and decorative


Concrete fence - pros and cons, features of different types, installation, painting, how to clean?

A modern concrete fence is a stylish, durable and multifunctional structure. When choosing a suitable building model, you can not only reliably protect a private estate from unwanted penetration, but also acquire an excellent landscape object to decorate the site.

Pros and cons of concrete fences

When choosing between corrugated board, wooden picket fence, mesh, forged elements and other materials, the owners need to carefully study all the nuances. The surrounding landscape, local weather, soil structure should be taken into account. Cast concrete fences in recent years are the most popular option due to the positive qualities:

  1. Reinforced concrete products are famous for their high strength.
  2. Excellent frost resistance and weather resistance.
  3. Ease of maintenance.
  4. A fence made of decorative concrete panels can imitate a stone fence, brickwork, stucco, wood, forging.
  5. The concrete fence is allowed to be painted.
  6. Relatively simple installation.
  7. Fire resistance.
  8. Durability.

Cons of a concrete fence:

  1. Reinforced concrete elements of overall dimensions have a large weight.
  2. A strong foundation is required.
  3. A concrete fence is more expensive than a wooden or metal picket fence.
  4. More labor intensive work.

pros and cons of concrete fences

Types of concrete fences

Gray heavy plates are used mainly to protect industrial facilities or warehouses; in a private courtyard, such a whopper looks ridiculous. Concrete fence of modern decorative type has less weight, various colors and textures, beautiful design. You can build it manually without renting expensive special equipment. There are different types of concrete fences:

  1. Fence from concrete sections.
  2. Monolithic reinforced concrete structure.
  3. Decorative concrete fence.
  4. Block construction.
  5. Self contained concrete fence.

Concrete monolithic fence

It is extremely difficult to build such a fence alone and without a concrete mixer. If a fence made of concrete panels is purchased in the form of separate elements, then all work on the manufacture of a monolithic fence is carried out directly at the facility. For a massive structure, a strong foundation of various types is required, the dimensions of which are calculated in accordance with local conditions. The pouring is carried out using formwork, and the constituent elements are fixed with metal anchors.

The advantages of this choice:

  1. Monolithic construction is the strongest.
  2. Ability to do all the work yourself.
  3. You can fully control the quality of work.

Cons of monolithic concrete fences:

  1. A lot of time for the construction and solidification of the solution.
  2. All operations are very labor intensive.
  3. Large structure weight.

concrete monolithic fence

Concrete fence

In this modification, all sections consist of separate elements, which greatly simplifies the manufacture, transportation and assembly. Installation and adjustment is carried out on site. More often, a concrete sectional fence in height is assembled from 2-3 panels. A popular option — a pair of lower sections are deaf, and the upper one has patterned gaps. Let’s study the advantages of a type-setting reinforced concrete fence:

  1. The building looks more attractive.
  2. Wide choice of decorative design.
  3. The weight of one section is about 30-50 kg.
  4. Quick assembly.
  5. The ability to adjust the height of the fence.
  6. Using the technology of how to build up a concrete fence using a metal profile, you can increase the height of the structure.

concrete fence

concrete block fence

Laying on the mortar is carried out after the construction of the foundation. Hollow or solid blocks are used as building elements. For reliability, a vertical displacement of the seams by about 30% of their length is required. For beauty and protection from atmospheric influence, it is desirable to cover standard concrete blocks for fence posts with decorative plaster, paint or tile. There are ready-made decorative stones with imitation of different textures that do not need finishing.

Advantages of block fences:

  1. Quick and easy installation.
  2. The building is reliable.
  3. The cost of laying is relatively inexpensive.
  4. High durability.
  5. The ability to decorate a concrete fence at your discretion.

concrete block fence

Concrete independent fence

The plates are installed on their own base or in special glasses. Mostly such concrete fencing is used for temporary fencing of construction sites. The dimensions of the sections are impressive, so you can’t do without special equipment during installation. The advantages of self-fencing are as follows:

  1. Extremely fast installation.
  2. No foundation required.
  3. The fence is massive and reliable.

Cons of independent concrete fences:

  1. Unrepresentable appearance.
  2. Large size and weight of the section up to 2 tons.
  3. Installation of the fence only with the help of special equipment.

concrete self-supporting fence

Concrete decorative fence

This category includes fences of any type that can perform an aesthetic function. The casting method produces a decorative fence made of concrete under a wild stone or tree, reproduces an imitation of artistic forging or stucco molding. The easiest way to manufacture sectional structures and blocks. Modern paints and varnishes make it possible to enhance visual effects and obtain durable images on the surface.

Examples of decorative concrete fence:

  1. Concrete stone fence.
  2. stone concrete fence

  3. Concrete railing with stucco imitation.
  4. concrete fence with stucco imitation

  5. Concrete brick fence.
  6. brick concrete fence

  7. Concrete wood fence.
  8. concrete wood fence

How to choose a concrete fence?

You need to order sections of the eurofence carefully, having studied the finished samples, documentation, reviews of real buyers. Fences of this type are considered durable, so it is undesirable to purchase materials in a hurry. Consider the criteria by which a beautiful concrete fence is chosen:

  1. A high-quality concrete surface has almost no pores, microcracks lead to the destruction of fences in 5 years and earlier
  2. Strong concrete after drying becomes light gray and gives off blue, dark gray indicates a weak solution.
  3. In windy places, it is better to build a fence from slabs with decorative gaps.
  4. The vulnerabilities of the eurofence are vertical thin seams and patterned patterns. The minimum thickness of the plates at the thinnest point is no more than 3.5 cm.
  5. Standard solid sections weigh up to 70 kg, less weight indicates the replacement of crushed stone with fine sand or insufficient thickness.
  6. Sections are considered the most vandal-resistant, the decorative surface of which imitates solid masonry.
  7. Good protective coloring prolongs durability.
  8. A good fence is reinforced with a rod and a mesh with a diameter of 4 mm or more.

Fence concrete slabs

Overall sections for fencing warehouses and industrial sites have dimensions of 2980×1600 mm, they weigh up to 1200 kg. It is possible to work with such reinforced concrete slabs only with the use of special equipment. A concrete sectional prefabricated fence is much lighter, its dimensions are designed for manual labor. Eurofences are made mainly from natural components. Plate manufacturers try to adhere to the following sizes:

  1. Length — up to 2 m.
  2. Height (straight insert) — about 0.5 m.
  3. The height of the openwork upper inserts is about half a meter, the parameters depend on the design and vary ± 10 cm.
  4. Thickness — up to 40 mm.

concrete fence slabs

Fence concrete blocks

The choice of building materials for such fences is huge. Decorative concrete blocks for the fence exist monolithic and hollow, differ in the number of chipped sides, size, colors. In addition to imitation of wild stone or brick, concrete bricks are produced with ornaments and various intricate patterns. Double-sided blocks are more expensive than single-sided ones, they are indispensable for the construction of a wall that is the same on both sides.

What are concrete blocks made of?

  • expanded clay;
  • gravel;
  • concrete battle;
  • crushed stone;
  • granite screenings.
  • fence concrete blocks

Concrete fence posts

For the installation of reinforced concrete sections, ready-made supports can be used. Eurofence sections are installed on special poles of different brands of a certain size with recesses for slabs up to 4 cm deep. Depending on the model, a rectangular, annular, octagonal, trapezoid, conical section is used. The length of the lower, buried in the ground, part is 0.5-0.75 m. Standard concrete posts for the fence have a height of the above-ground part of 0.5-2 m.

concrete fence posts

Concrete caps on the fence

There are protective, decorative and universal tops for poles. This is a necessary element that prevents the destruction of supports in the air. Caps on a concrete fence are produced in various shapes, pyramids, hemispheres or balls are popular. The classic design makes the fence elegant and impressive. Concrete covers are produced by vibrocasting. The common size of the cap base is 400×400 mm.

Examples of traditional concrete bells:

  1. Pyramidal cap.
  2. pyramidal cap

  3. Cap «Queen».
  4. cap queen

  5. Cap «Queen».
  6. cap queen

  7. Cap «Hemisphere».
  8. cap hemisphere

Installing concrete fence posts

If the supports are unreliable, then the entire structure may fall after heavy rainfall or heavy wind. The main nuances in this work are adequate drainage, reliable fixation and the correct depth. Consider briefly how the installation of pillars for a concrete fence is carried out:

  1. The marking of the territory is carried out with a tape measure and a hydraulic level, taking into account the length of the slabs and the thickness of the pillars. It is required that the supports are of the same height, and the gaps between them correspond to the length of the sections with a gap.
  2. We dig holes for supports. Their size is twice the thickness of the column.
  3. The depth of the pit is 0.5-75 m, depending on the height of the support, with a margin of 15 cm.
  4. We fill the first 15 cm with gravel and tamp until the total depth of the hole reaches the desired mark.
  5. We place the column in the hole in the center.
  6. Rotate the support to the desired orientation and hold it vertically.
  7. The hole is filled with mortar to half the level and compacted.
  8. Pour the solution to the level of the soil.
  9. We make a vertical correction of the column and fix it until the mortar is completely set.
  10. After installing the pillars, he fills the basement.

Installation of fences from concrete panels

After the erection of the pillars and the complete solidification of the solution, they proceed to the assembly of the fence from separate sections. Installation of fences from concrete panels is carried out in the following ways:

  1. Option number 1. If the distance between the supports is maintained correctly and with a gap, then the installation of a concrete fence is carried out without complications. Panels are typed into grooves through the top. The position of the lower elements is corrected with a solution according to the level, then the upper section is laid.
  2. Option number 2. First, the first support is exposed and concreted, and the second is fixed in a hole without mortar. Then the section is completely typed into the grooves and exposed from below to the lining. After correction, concreting of the second column is carried out. Then move on to the second section.

Installation of fences from concrete blocks

With a skillful approach, a very strong structure can be built from this material. Now, not solid block walls are mainly built, but prefabricated concrete fences with gaps, which are filled with forged elements, decorative slabs or corrugated board. Consider the technology of work:

  1. We determine the type of construction, the number of rows, the size of the spans between the pillars.
  2. We calculate the amount of material.
  3. Blocks are used columnar, chipped, hollow. In addition, we need covers for poles, reinforcement for a bunch.
  4. We mount the strip foundation.
  5. We start the construction of a block concrete fence from the corner post.
  6. We stretch the cord between the extreme column blocks and begin laying the rows.
  7. After 2-3 rows, we make reinforcement with masonry mesh.
  8. In the places where the gates and gates are installed, we put mortgages.

Painting a concrete fence

Dull gray walls give the impression of an industrial zone and do not meet the requirements of a modern landscape. You can immediately purchase sections of a certain color or paint manually. If budget materials create a coating with a durability of 2-3 years, then high-quality concrete fence paint from the brands Teknos, Novasil, Caparol, Tikkurila, Feidal, Vivacolor is guaranteed to last more than 5 years. Work on large areas is best done with a spray gun.

It is recommended to use water-based substances:

  • acrylic;
  • water dispersion;
  • latex;
  • silicone.

Popular colors for concrete fence:

  1. Dark bottom and light top plate with decorative elements.
  2. dark bottom and white top

  3. Monochrome fencing.
  4. monochromatic fencing

  5. Fence with colored patterned inserts.
  6. fence with colored patterned inserts

How to clean a concrete fence from moss?

Even a good paint and varnish coating is destroyed over time, covered with dirt or spore plants. Periodically, you have to update the appearance and clean the concrete fence from moss. Repair work on the fence is carried out in the following ways:

  1. Clean the surface with a high-pressure water jet using a mobile washer.
  2. In case of local damage, manual cleaning with metal bristles is suitable. An important nuance is that you should work delicately without strong pressure on the tool so as not to make furrows on the concrete fence.

how to clean a concrete fence from moss


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