Profiled timber houses — pros and cons, features, how to build, interior


Profiled timber houses - pros and cons, features, how to build, interior

With a wide variety of building materials, natural wood does not lose its relevance. Especially popular are houses made of profiled timber, which, in addition to environmental friendliness, have a large number of advantages. For construction, the material must be used in accordance with the rules.

Pros and cons of a house made of profiled timber

The material has positive and negative sides. Before making a choice in his favor, it is important to familiarize yourself with them in more detail. The advantages of a house made of profiled timber are as follows:

  • factory production does not require any modifications at the construction site;
  • environmentally friendly material;
  • minimum construction time;
  • attractive appearance;
  • slight shrinkage of the building;
  • construction from profiled timber is much cheaper.

The disadvantages include the following points:

  • violation of manufacturing technology leads to unpredictable consequences;
  • with poor drying, a fungus may appear;
  • the material is subject to negative atmospheric phenomena;
  • remodeling of the building is not possible.

pros and cons of a house made of profiled timber

Features of a house made of profiled timber

The beauty and high performance of a house made of dry profiled timber is due to the following characteristics:

  • perfect geometry and smooth surfaces;
  • the absence of through slots at the junction of the bars;
  • the tree needs mandatory protection from moisture.

Shrinkage of a house from a profiled beam

All lumber dries out to some extent. The profile bar on shrinkage is located between the rounded log and glued material. The more moisture the bars have, the more volume they will lose in the future. In this case, it is important to finish drying to the maximum possible level. The main thing is to do everything right so as not to spoil the integrity of the natural material.

Doing this with heating is wrong, in which case the process will be uneven, which can lead to cracking of the walls and subsequent skew. Houses made of profiled timber, one-story and two-story, are recommended to be dried in a natural environment. To do this, after the completion of construction, it is recommended not to populate the building for at least six months. During this time, the house will gradually shrink, and the material is almost not deformed.

house shrinkage from profiled timber

How to build a house from profiled timber?

As with the use of other materials, a certain sequence must be followed with this. The construction of houses from profiled timber includes the following steps:

  1. Foundation. The choice of type is directly related to the type of soil on the site.
  2. Timber preparation. All wood is treated with an antiseptic and flame retardant.
  3. Waterproofing. Fits between the foundation and the rest of the building.
  4. Laying crown crown. The main part that will hold the entire structure. Safety is ensured by the following combination: a wide board impregnated with mastic, and waterproofing is laid on it, and only then a crown.
  5. Draft floor. Lags are fixed in increments of 70 cm. Floor boards are laid on them.
  6. Wall assembly. Insulation is placed only in bowls. The crowns are connected with dowels or studs.
  7. Assembling the truss system. The procedure depends on the chosen type of roof.
  8. Openings for doors and windows. Openings are cut out, but the blocks are not installed until the structure has completely shrunk.

The foundation of a house made of profiled timber

In terms of time, this is the longest stage in the entire construction. One-story houses made of profiled timber without underground facilities are built on a columnar foundation:

  • depth — no more than 1.5 m;
  • the step between the pillars is 3 m.

Between them, a wall-pickup of brick or concrete is laid. Its width is about 150 mm, the depth of laying in the ground is 250 mm. Ventilation holes are made along the perimeter on each side. Residential and country houses from profiled timber are built in the following stages:

  • the number of columns is calculated;
  • make markup;
  • dig holes;
  • the bottom is covered with sand;
  • make a frame and insert a reinforcing cage;
  • concrete is poured and reinforcement is placed;
  • it stays on for about a month.

Profiled timber walls

This stage begins with the placement of the lower crowns and supports under the partitions from the timber. The technology of assembling a house from a profiled beam is distinguished by the ordinary laying out of the beams. In this case, each next row is connected to the previous one with special pins (dowels). They are mounted like brickwork: every three rows through one. A hole with a diameter of 3 cm is drilled, dowels are hammered into it.

For insulation, a sealant is laid. It is important during the assembly process to form openings for doors and windows. If chamber drying timber is used, they do not take a break, and if it is natural, then you will need to pause for about six months. This is the only way to be sure that there will be no displacement of openings and individual sections of walls and partitions.

profiled timber walls

Grinding a house from a profiled beam

These jobs require experience and the use of quality equipment. Even with professional assembly, a finished house made of profiled timber requires finishing, only in this way the tree will not change color and will be protected from dampness and decay. Before starting work, it is important to thoroughly prepare the surface. Grinding is carried out in a strict sequence:

  1. Take a coarse abrasive with grit No. 40. They remove bumps and roughness. The machine is at an angle of 45̊ to the movement. They work without pressure and delays in one place.
  2. Fine grinding is carried out with emery wheels No. 80-120. The pile is removed and the bars are aligned with the general plane of the wall.
  3. Abrasive No. 180 is used to polish the ends and grooves. The wall is as flat and smooth as possible.
  4. Corners and hard-to-reach places are treated with a chisel with abrasive paper.
  5. Everything ends with a special impregnation treatment.

How to caulk profiled timber?

Some believe that this type of material does not need such manipulations, but this is wrong. When erecting a building, there is no guarantee that all material is of the same quality. As a result, a slight displacement of the elements during drying is possible and, as a result, deformation of the insulation. To remove gaps after shrinkage of a house from a profiled beam, caulking is carried out. They do this 3 times (immediately after the construction of the building, after 2 years and after 6 years), while the walls are carefully insulated. To carry out such work, the following options are used:

  • moss;
  • linen tow;
  • hemp;
  • jute.

Carry out caulking at home from profiled timber from top to bottom. Work is carried out outside, and then inside the room. They take the selected material and fill the gaps with it. You can push them in with a wooden mallet. It is recommended that in the first years of operation, every spring, check the log house for the presence of cracks and close them up. Finishing the house begins to be carried out after the caulking is done 2 times.

Roof of a house made of profiled timber

The most complex structure of any building. The main requirements for the design:

  • uniform load distribution on all walls;
  • the design and shape must correspond to the intended purpose;
  • a balance between the number of elements and strength must be observed.

To build the right house from a profiled log house, you need to take care of the lateral load of the roof on the walls. This can be avoided by reinforcing the upper trim with ties that cut into opposite bars of vertical surfaces. The more supports of the truss system, the better the load on the walls will be distributed. Any material is chosen, the main thing is that the tree is as dry as possible.

Interior decoration of the house from profiled timber

They begin this work after the complete shrinkage of the structure. Finishing a house from a profiled beam is carried out in the following order:

  • laying communications;
  • flooring flooring;
  • timber processing;
  • ceiling decoration.

Depending on the purpose of the event, different technologies and materials can be used. There are the following types of interior decoration of houses from profiled timber:

  1. Coating that preserves the appearance of the material. Use varnish, impregnation with a special composition for tinting.
  2. Complete closure of the surface with the formation of a new one. Apply lining, block houses or siding.
  3. A coating that completely changes the appearance of the surface is used to mask defects. Use plastering, finishing with drywall or artificial stone.

Painting a house from profiled timber

To make the surface homogeneous is easy with the help of paints. Can be used:

  • oil;
  • alkyd;
  • acrylic.

The best houses from profiled timber are painted in the following steps:

  1. Preparing for painting. Remove all dirt in any convenient way. Putty all defects, grind and polish.
  2. Impregnation and painting. A special substance is applied — a primer that improves the quality of the surface. It is recommended to make several layers. The paint can be applied by hand or with a spray gun or spray gun. Apply several layers, before covering the next one, wait for the previous one to dry completely.

The interior of the house from profiled timber

When arranging houses from profiled timber, they prefer a finishing method that emphasizes the natural origin of the material. Carry out grinding and coating with a transparent or tinting composition. Interior design style can be traditional or modern. The following bright options can be distinguished:

  1. House from a bar in a modern style. Finishing — light sanding and processing with glazing material. Style — loft and Japanese aesthetics.
  2. The best log houses

  3. Houses from profiled timber with an attic in the style of a Russian estate. Different coloring makes the interior diverse and at the same time natural.
  4. houses from profiled timber with an attic

  5. Interior with elements of Provencal style. The walls are processed to emphasize the natural texture of the material. Coziness is created by European comfort.
  6. log house interior

  7. Light interior. All rooms are in the same color scheme. The ceiling is painted white to visually elevate it.
  8. interior decoration of the house from profiled timber


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