Blind area around the house — 110 photos of ideas for creating a blind area with your own hands
The whole construction of the house is important, it includes many details that create integrity and fulfill their role. Now we will talk about the final stage of the construction of personal housing. The main role in it is assigned to the correct laying of the protective coating.
If it is done with high quality, then the foundation, together with the soil, will receive sufficient protection, and this will allow the living space to be used for a long time. The blind area forms the comfort of using housing due to the formation of protection against moisture, which without it could seep to the foundation and harm its stability.
Because of this, it is very important to know how to make a blind area around the house correctly so that it serves for many years. Its role is considered paramount, since moisture can significantly erode the foundation, and lead to the destruction of any structure.
The value of such a finish increases in the case of a shallow base for the building. Water is able to cause more damage to it, reaching the sole faster, but with the help of a high-quality blind area, this becomes impossible, and the house always remains strong.
If the sole gets wet for some reason, the structure will begin to noticeably sag. In the case of deep immersion of the base of the foundation, it will also need a barrier to water penetration. It should be mounted in any case, regardless of the reliability of the foundation, the type of soil and other related conditions.
Check out reliable views through photo blinds around the house, taken by professionals for various projects. They show many approaches to the laying process, suitable for the ideas of architects, designers, taking into account the chosen style of the house.
There is no clear framework for arranging rockeries — a picturesque mess is also possible, close to the natural mountainous alpine landscape, flat rocky gravel paths made of colored rubble or pebbles, intricately laid, are also appropriate.
Stones for rockeries are suitable for any that you find in your area — from large boulders, cobblestones, to medium and, finally, fine-grained dumping.
Suitable granite, limestone, wild stone, weathered stone looks very picturesque.
You can entrust the creation of a rockery on your site to a landscape designer, or you can create it yourself based on your tastes and preferences.
Watch the video: Blind area at home, do it right
Brief content of the article:
Why add it to the house project?
It is important to remember that the correct blind area will help protect the building from serious problems during operation by the owners. The first step is to select the right material for your installation goals. In order for its properties to be as useful as possible, you need to choose the correct width of the tiles that form its area.
Experts do not recommend limiting the space for it. If it turns out more, then it is better than less space for its placement. Water will evaporate from its surface or be able to soak into the ground at a remote distance from the foundation without harming it.
Important: It is recommended to cover the building with a blind area at least 80 cm from any edge. Otherwise, it may turn out to be a useless exercise. And do not forget about the decorative possibilities of such a coating. It can be made part of the whole design.
It also has another purpose, it is used as paths for walking along the house. It has rained and a lot of moisture will accumulate everywhere, and it will help to get to some corners of the cottage in comfortable conditions. This is a very important point because it is recommended to take this part of the project seriously and make a blind area on the basis of sufficient size.
If it is too narrow, then you will have to move sideways along it, which is not very pleasant fun for residents. Experts believe that it should reach a size of 1.2-1.5 meters in width. This will open all its functionality and ensure sufficient fencing of the foundation from water interference.
What is her device?
It is important to consider the presence of a slope for it in order to direct water away from the walls, and not under them. The builders calculated that the optimal slope is 50-100 mm for 1 meter of width. But moving along it will not be very convenient, because of this you will have to make a choice — reliable protection or increased cross-country ability.
A compromise size is 15-20 mm for 1 meter of its width. So the water will drain at a slower speed, but any person will easily pass over the coating.
To decide, it is important to realize all the nuances, and, to make a suitable blind area around the house for all family members. This will help prevent the need to rebuild this critical product that creates the proper characteristics of an out-of-town home.
And it is also worth adhering to the developed requirements for long-term operation:
- The width cannot be made smaller than the size of the ledge at the roof, since water will drain further than it, and this will reduce its useful qualities to zero;
- It cannot be interrupted and must be carried out around the entire perimeter of the house;
What is required to create it?
Turn to professionals and watch how they do everything in a short period of time. Or make it on your own. In the second case, you will need to select the right materials. Various variations of its formation are available, but the blind area made of concrete is recognized as the simplest and highest quality of all popular types. It is not difficult to arrange for any area.
To begin with, the area on which the required surface will lie is cleared. Then reinforcement is used, its rods are laid according to the grid principle. They must be at least 6 mm in diameter to provide the required functionality. They are easy to connect with a sufficiently voluminous knitting wire.
The time has come for the installation of formwork in the form of extended wooden boards. Everything can be done by pouring the formwork with a suitable type of concrete.
For the correct implementation of this process, you will have to use a number of tools and materials:
- A shovel is needed for digging holes for the main work;
- The hydraulic level will help to establish the same laying angle throughout the entire area of \u200b\u200bthe house;
- The wheelbarrow will provide simplified waste disposal and delivery of the required amount of crushed stone;
- Manual tamper will be required to level uneven places;
- Waterproofing will ensure the reliability of the structure;
- Insulation guarantees the durability of the blind area;
- Crushed stone will strengthen it and make it monolithic;
- Clay will bind all its parts into one;
- Reinforced mesh based on 10 x 10 cells can replace reinforcement bars.
Main work based application of concrete
It consists of the formation of its two layers — for bedding and cover. Now we will explain how to fill the blind area without complications with our own hands, taking into account all building principles.
The underlayment or starter layer will help to create a level surface for the overlay, called the finishing stage. For the first level there is sand, crushed stone and clay. And on top will be the most important concrete coating.
It is due to this composition that a powerful barrier against water is provided. It is known to be able to penetrate quite deeply, but in this case it will have to drain and make another path away from the foundation.
But before this part, it is necessary to remove the soil to a depth of about 20-30 cm around the entire perimeter around the house. Then we begin to compact the base so that it is ready for other work. If plant roots are found, they can be left alone and not removed.
But, in order to prevent their growth, it is desirable to treat all shoots with herbicides. If they grow, then they will definitely damage the blind area.
We form a removable version of the formwork using wooden boards. We form a layer of clay, and then cover it with sand by about 10 cm. The sand must be compacted with a tamp. Then it is lightly watered. The time for rubble comes, it is placed 6-8 cm in a dug base.
To strengthen the structure, a reinforced mesh or reinforcement bars is used. Now a compensatory version of the seam is created between the base and the main part of the blind area. For this, a mixture of sand and gravel, roofing felt, sealant, and a foamed version of the tourniquet are good.
The time is right for pouring the base material. Now the concrete blind area is not yet ready, but it is already taking on a completed form. Before pouring the main solution, it is necessary to lay wooden slats after every 2 or 3 meters. Before installation, they are treated with an anti-rot coating.
It is important to monitor the correct slope of their placement. They will help create the right shape. Then it comes to concrete. It is necessary to use a quality type like M 250 or M 300, suitable for various road works.
To make the coating stronger, it is allowed to use the ironing method using a dry or wet approach. It consists in adding another thin layer of 2-3 mm on top of the drying concrete.
The first consists of dry concrete, which must be carefully pressed into the main layer by tapping.
The wet version includes a solution of ceresite, water glass, sifted cement and water. Within 7-10 days the resulting mass will harden. Now the product can be used.
We see that the whole process is quite simple, but takes a lot of time. It is also important to think about a sufficient amount of funds for its full implementation. The total cost of filling the blind area can be impressive, but this will depend on its size and quality.
Naturally, it can be reduced, and a simplified installation option can be used, which will help save money, but will affect quality and durability.
Photo blind area around the house
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Post published: 12.10
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