Funkia — green fountain


Funkia, hosta

Queen shadows…

This epithet is a function (aka a host) by right. With an incredible number of species and varieties, this plant is simply mesmerizing with its majestic article.

All the beauty of the hosta lies in the leaves. From a large number of «tongues» of various sizes.

At the age of five, funkia is an overgrown rounded shrub with a cascade of leaves. Moreover, the latter, depending on the variety, have a lot of colors.

A variety of varieties of functions, hosts

They can be light green, almost yellow, plain and two or three colors interspersed with milky, light yellow, apple green, gray, blue.

In addition, the leaves themselves have both a smooth, shiny texture, a waxy and even metallic coating, and a ribbed, wrinkled, dented surface and wavy edges.

Although funkia is considered the queen of the shade, many of its species feel great in sunny areas.

Banded hosta

Another important advantage of this plant: it does not need to be replanted every 4-5 years, like other herbaceous perennials. At this age, the flowering of her beauty is just beginning and will last up to 25 years. That is, no transfer.

In general, given all of the above, the host can be safely chosen as the base plant for a «lazy» garden. Moreover, the choice of varieties is so large that it allows you to pick up dwarf plants from 6 cm to giants up to a meter or more in height.

Photo hosts

Hosta blooms are not as lush, but breeders are working hard in this direction and are making some progress. A daylily was chosen as a flower donor. But as for me, everything is good in moderation, and the “fountain” of leaves looks quite luxurious and self-sufficient.

For planting, the host selects areas with saturated humus soils. The most suitable are enriched loams that are able to retain moisture, are lighter than clay and less drained than sandy.

Hosta is one of the most confusing plant species in terms of classification. The following are only the most popular species, which have a lot of varieties in color and edging. leaves (smooth or wavy).

Hosta plantain

Hosta plantain (Hosta plantaginea)

  • Growth area: Japan, China
  • Flowering period: July August
  • Color spectrum: White flowers
  • plant height: peduncle up to 50-60 cm
  • Growing conditions: tolerates both bright sun and shading, one of the most unpretentious varieties, like all hostas, it requires maintaining soil moisture.
  • Peculiarities: leaves are veined, reminiscent of plantain leaves, bright green, glossy, heart-shaped, sometimes rounded.
Hosta wavy

Hosta wavy (Hosta undulata)

  • Growth area: garden species grown in Japan
  • Flowering period: July August
  • Color spectrum: light purple flowers
  • plant height: peduncles up to 80 cm
  • growing conditions: Loose moist soil (mulching), light shade at noon or afternoon.
  • Peculiarities: leaves up to 20 cm long and up to 13 wide with a white middle and green veins.
Hosta white-rimmed

Hosta white-bordered (Hosta albo-marginata)

  • Growth area: garden species grown in Japan
  • flowering period: July August.
  • Color spectrum: lilac-purple, white flowers.
  • plant height: inflorescence up to 30 cm.
  • Growing conditions: penumbra and moist humus soils.
  • Peculiarities: broadly lanceolate dark green leaves with a white border, up to 14 cm long.
Hosta angustifolia

Hosta narrow-leaved (Hosta lancifolia)

  • Growth area: Northeast China, south of Primorye (Russia).
  • Flowering period: end of August — mid-October.
  • Color spectrum: purple flowers.
  • plant height: shrub up to 35 cm.
  • Growing conditions: can grow in sunny areas, the soil is light loam.
  • Peculiarities: lanceolate leaves, up to 17 cm long, up to 8 cm wide, shiny, bright green, dense,
Hosta swollen

Hosta swollen (Hosta ventricosa)

  • Growth area: Northeast China.
  • flowering period: July August.
  • Color spectrum: lilac flowers
  • plant height: peduncle reaches 120 cm.
  • Growing conditions: partial shade, humus soils.
  • Peculiarities: leaves are heart-shaped, short-pointed, veined, shiny below, up to 25 cm long, up to 20 cm wide.

Hosta Siebold

Hosta Siebold (Hosta sieboldiana)

  • Growth area: o.Honshu (Japan)
  • Flowering period: July.
  • Color spectrum: pale lilac, almost white flowers
  • plant height: peduncle up to 30 cm.
  • Growing conditions: light, sun, enriched loam, proximity to a pond or watering.
  • Peculiarities: leaves are wide, dense, heart-shaped, bluish in color with a wax coating, length up to 35 cm, width up to 25 cm.

To form a beautiful dense rosette of leaves, the host should not be allowed to bloom. The flower stalks that have appeared should be broken out, then the compact shape of the bush will be preserved. This recommendation does not apply to hosta varieties that are specifically bred for beautiful flowers.

The flower stalks of the hosts grow from petioles, therefore they destroy the outlet with their own weight.

Funkia is a garden plant and needs to go through a wintering period. Therefore, it is not used as a room culture.


Borders, shady flower beds are created from the host, they are planted along the banks of reservoirs, included in compositions with tropical plants. Each function has its own sort. But even without knowing the exact name, you can independently determine which plant and where to plant.

  • In the shade, varieties with thin green leaves feel most comfortable.
  • Morning sun and shade from noon to evening are best for hostas with dove, blue, and yellow leaves. They are also recommended to be planted in areas with diffused light.
  • Partial shade (sun in the morning and afternoon, but no more than 5 hours in total) are suitable for varieties with variegated leaves containing white. In the shade, they simply lose their decorative effect and turn green. This applies to individuals with thin leaves, afraid of sunburn.
  • Sunny areas should be allocated to plants with thick leathery leaves.
Hosta in the flower garden

Hosta in the shade flower garden

However, in any case, the ground under the hosts should be moderately moist. To do this, in open areas, the soil must be mulched. If the edges of the leaves of the function began to dry out, then it needs to be watered more intensively, or it has received a sunburn and needs to be transplanted to a more shaded place.

Hosta in a flower bed under a tree

Hosta on the path

Functionality in landscape design

Hosta by the pond

White-rimmed hosta in the garden

Hosta in rockery

Giant hosta in the garden

Hosta and irises by the pond

Hosta and garden ivy at the retaining wall

Hosta mix in the flower garden

Hosta, Lichen and Heuchera


hosta and allium
Ideal neighbors for hostas will be ferns, rogersia, junipersastilba, decorative bow (allium), day-lilyfragrant violet (viola), hydrangea, balsam, white derain, hakonehloya, brunner, geyhera, all types of irises, buzulnik and etc.

For the rounded shape of this plant, creeping species and vertical plants will be the most suitable addition. Red arrow leaves emperors will favorably emphasize the picture of the sun-loving variety of hosts.

Hosta and daylily

Khosta and khakonekhloya

Hosta and fern

Hosta and irises

Hosta in garden design

Hosta and astilba

Garden in the forest, hosta


The hosta is propagated by sprouting from seeds and dividing the bush.

host division

The first way is slower and more troublesome, but if you set a goal, go for it. Seeds are planted in early January in a moist sterile (disinfected on a steam bath) substrate and the moisture-temperature balance is maintained in the tray.

Only by the end of summer will the seedlings acquire three adult leaves. That’s when they can be planted in open ground.

host division

A simpler and more effective way is to divide the rhizome. Do it in the spring or at the end of August. Bushes for the season give adventitious plants, so they are separated with a knife.

Transplanted delenki or seedlings in pre-prepared soil. Why is a thick layer of compost poured at the landing site.

After this site is deeply dug, mixing the soil with organic matter. In the future, with organic additives, they try not to be too zealous (mulching at the end of the season), making mineral top dressings (specialized for this plant, used according to the instructions).

  • The bed under the host is made raised to improve soil aeration.
  • Growing distances between small and medium-sized hosts are chosen on the order of 20-30 cm, tall varieties are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm.
  • An already formed bush is planted in a permanent place at the age of 4-5 years.
  • Frequent division leads to leaf shredding, so do not abuse this method, divide only an adult plant.

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