How to fertilize the land — 80 photos and detailed instructions for cultivating the land
Almost all gardeners and gardeners unanimously say that it is best to fertilize the land before planting with manure. However, what about in the fall at a time when it is not possible to buy manure? It’s not worth getting upset. Manure is far from the only fertilizer that can be used for land, and in some cases it can even cause a huge number of problems.
If manure compost has not been properly prepared, then it can contain many weed seeds, which will be extremely difficult to get rid of after they germinate. If the humus “did not lie down” for the required amount of time, then it may contain various parasite larvae and pathogenic bacteria that infect the earth.
For this reason, it is desirable to turn to alternative ways to improve soil fertility, especially since there are enough of them today.
Brief content of the article:
The correct application of fertilizers in practice will be difficult if you do not take into account the mechanical composition of a particular soil, as well as its structure. Depending on the size and number of mineral particles, the following types can be defined:
Peaty-marshy, containing the necessary amount of useful substances. Most of them, as a rule, are in a form that is poorly absorbed by plants, for this reason the soil cannot boast of either potassium or phosphorus.
Clayeys practically do not contain the necessary air, therefore they are considered compacted. The main disadvantage is the retention of moisture, which causes the impossibility of decomposition of all organic matter.
Sandy soils are soils that do not contain the required amount of organic matter. In such soil, there are practically no silt particles, but a lot of sand. All nutrients are quickly washed out due to the fact that the soil passes water.
Growing vegetables requires fertile soil, because during growth they consume a fairly large amount of various nutrients.
For this reason, if you want to get a really high-quality crop, it is important to replenish the soil with nutrients in a timely manner with the help of fertilizers. But what are the options? Is there an alternative to popular mineral particles?
How to make the soil fertile
It is very easy to find a classic set of well-known mineral fertilizers in absolutely every supermarket of goods intended for the garden and at home.
However, first of all, it is necessary to decide at home with the future choice. For example, in autumn, only those types of fertilizers can be applied that are difficult to dissolve and have a long and effective effect. Otherwise, the granules will be washed away by the first shower, and by spring there will be no useful components in the upper layer at all.
In the middle of autumn, it is desirable to apply granular fertilizers, which contain potassium chloride, superphosphate, popular and known to all gardeners, fluff. If you haven’t seen them on store shelves before, check out the photos of soil fertilization so you know what to look for on your next trip. Lime is necessary for the process of deoxidation of the earth.
Chalk or simple dolomite flour can also have a similar effect. For fertilizing shrubs and small trees, it is useful to sprinkle a little various compositions of complex mineral fertilizers. It is important not to forget to actively loosen the earth at the same time, so that the minerals are better absorbed.
Even beginners can use mineral complexes as the most effective fertilizers, since the packages themselves indicate in any case which crops they are intended for, as well as how many granules will need to be applied.
Some people think that «porridge cannot be spoiled with butter.» In fact, if you use too much fertilizer, it is very easy to cause significant damage to the soil, as well as oversaturate vegetables with nitrites and nitrates.
Well-known organic fertilizers for the soil are manure, bird droppings, hardwood, humus and some others. Organic fertilizers are considered to be the most natural fertilizers that are ideal for the soil.
Manure is a cheap and easily accessible way for everyone to fertilize the soil. It contains many nutrients that, when decomposed, turn into carbon dioxide. Subsequently, this causes the clay soil to become looser, and the sandy soil to become wet and viscous.
Thinking about how best to fertilize the land, you must follow a few rules:
- If you purchased rotted manure, then know that they need to fertilize the ground in the spring, and if fresh, then in the fall.
- Humus is obtained in practice by the decomposition of the roots of various plants and leaves. It is especially popular to use it for seedlings. It is necessary to make 50 kg per 1 square meter.
- Due to the fact that bird droppings is considered a highly concentrated fertilizer for any land, it is used extremely rarely. It must be diluted by adding 0.3 liters of litter per 10 liters of clean water.
Alternative ways to fertilize the land
The question of whether it is possible to fertilize the land without the use of manure worries many. The answer is of course positive. A good effect for the earth is a tincture of nettle or any weed that is at your fingertips.
To do this, it must be placed in a container with clean water for a couple of days. Get ready only for the fact that from such a tincture the characteristic unpleasant smell of manure known to everyone will necessarily come from.
Ash is another valuable fertilizer today. It is in it that there is a complex of trace elements necessary for plants in an easily digestible form. It is desirable to make ashes before digging the earth. In this case, its distribution will be as uniform as possible.
In any case, top dressing of plants on the site should always take place in a timely manner and in the required quantities. It is very important to monitor the dosage so that the soil is not oversaturated.
By following the above rules, your garden will always be not only well-groomed, but also fertilized. For those gardeners who are tired of the routine work in the garden and the constant digging of the soil, it is important to know that you can always switch to natural farming. It makes it possible to reduce the number of labor-intensive operations and increase soil fertility in more humane ways.
Photo tips on how to fertilize the earth
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Post published: 14.10
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