How to finish the basement of a house — materials and options for finishing with siding, stone, tiles

plinth trim with fiber cement panels


How to finish the plinth - useful tips when choosing a decorative coating

Information on how to finish the basement is important for people who want to perfectly decorate a frequent house. There are several materials that are allowed for cladding, with their own advantages and disadvantages, which you should familiarize yourself with in order to make the right choice.

Plinth finishes

Many are sure that the plinth cladding is needed in order to make the exterior structure more refined. This is erroneous because it performs several important functions:

  1. Materials for finishing the basement of the house protect the base from the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation, weathering, high humidity and sudden changes in temperature.
  2. The lower part of the building is regularly exposed to dust as well as other substances, which can lead to erosion. With the help of cladding, this serious problem can be prevented.
  3. With the help of finishing, you can protect the base of the house from the penetration of fungus and mold, which is dangerous not only for the building, but also for health.
  4. Facing provides additional insulation, preventing cold from entering the lower parts of the room.

When thinking about how to finish the plinth, it must be borne in mind that the selected material must be durable, resistant to moisture, cold and sun. The lower part of the building is equipped before the walls are finished. Two types of finishing of the basement part are known: elevated and recessed. For better adhesion of the finishing material and the foundation, it is customary to use a primer.

For finishing work, you can choose different materials that have different characteristics and properties. In addition, it is worth considering your own preferences and financial capabilities. An important point is the need to take into account the rules for the compatibility of materials, that is, the one from which the base of the structure is made and the one that was used for finishing. For example, paint that is suitable for brick cannot be used for concrete.

Finishing the plinth with siding

The presented material is made in the form of panels that are used to decorate any building. It imitates stone and brick, and it also has thicker panels than ordinary siding. When choosing materials for finishing the basement, it is worth evaluating the advantages of siding: it tolerates temperature fluctuations well, is durable, can be used for different finishes, external attractiveness, low weight and price, and also ease of installation. The disadvantages include that the cladding increases the dimensions of the basement tier.

plinth siding trim

Finishing the plinth with stone

Natural stone is rarely used in decoration, but the use of artificial stone is very popular. There are many different options: flexible finishing stone, tiles made of polymer-sand mixture, concrete and clinker facing stone, and you can also make a decorative stone-like layer from ordinary concrete mortar. It is important to purchase material from trusted manufacturers so that the technological process is not disturbed. The stone for finishing the basement of the house is used for the following advantages:

  • affordability;
  • ease of installation;
  • resistance to moisture and temperature extremes;
  • light weight;
  • low cost;
  • a wide range of.

stone plinth trim

Plinth tiling

For external cladding, clinker tiles are used, which are obtained from clay of single or double firing. It looks like a clinker brick with a length of 21-29 cm, a width of 5-7.1 cm and a thickness of 8-17 mm, but there are other options. Tiles for finishing the basement of a house can be matte or glossy, but the color can be different. The main disadvantages of this finishing material are: the price is high, the weight of the base and the need for special skills for cladding. If you have any doubts about how to finish the basement, then pay attention to such pluses:

  • naturalness and environmental friendliness;
  • high strength;
  • repels water well;
  • resists UV rays and temperature extremes;
  • protects and insulates the foundation;
  • you can choose the color, texture and size;
  • will last more than 15 years.

plinth tiling

Finishing the plinth with porcelain stoneware

For cladding, porcelain stoneware can be used, which is made from different types of clay, which are mixed with granite chips, which adds strength. When choosing options for finishing the basement of a house, it is important to know the advantages of porcelain stoneware: moisture resistant, wear-resistant, frost-resistant, strong, durable, practical and does not fade under the influence of the sun. Many note that the disadvantage for them is the high cost.

plinth finishing with porcelain stoneware

Finishing the plinth with plaster

When choosing a plaster, it is important to consider that the layer must have an impressive thickness and a cement base for moisture resistance. Plastering is carried out in several stages and a reinforced layer is necessarily used. Finishing the basement with decorative plaster has the following advantages: low cost, ease of work, good indicators of strength and efficiency. As for the minuses, they include low thermal insulation, a low degree of moisture permeability and instability to temperature extremes.

plinth stucco finish

Finishing the plinth with corrugated board

For cladding, profile sheets made of galvanized steel are often used. Finishing with this material is reliable, and the result is at the same time beautiful, modern and strict. Finding out how to finish the base, we note that the profile can be in the form of a round wave, a trapezoid and a rectangle. Please note that the material conducts heat, so you can not do without a heater. If scratches appear, they must be immediately painted over with polymer paint so that the corrosion process does not begin.

The presented material for finishing the basement of a private house has the following advantages:

  • affordability;
  • good mechanical strength;
  • resistance to different temperatures;
  • long service life;
  • Fire safety;
  • a wide range of colors;
  • installation is easy.

plinth trim with corrugated board

Finishing the plinth with bricks

Natural brick is rarely used for cladding, but it has its own advantages. First, you can create a gap in which the insulation fits. Secondly, the brick itself is a heat-insulating material, especially if it is hollow. For work, hyperpressed, silicate and ceramic bricks can be used. It is important to consider that the decorative finishing of the basement with bricks requires the creation of a strip foundation and this should be foreseen when planning construction, or you will have to organize a separate support for masonry.

brick plinth trim

Finishing the plinth with thermal panels

For the production of this facing material, high-quality materials are used, so the basis is expanded polystyrene — a heat-insulating material that is the most effective and high-quality. Clinker tiles are used for the decorative part. To decide how to finish the basement of a house, you should know about the main advantages of this material: high strength, excellent ventilation and thermal insulation performance. The downside for many is the high price.

plinth trim with thermal panels

Wood plinth trim

It is extremely rarely used for lining the basement with wood, and lovers of everything natural choose it. It is best to give preference to conifers, which have a large amount of resin, which increases moisture resistance. Finishing the plinth with a board is environmentally friendly, has low thermal conductivity and is in harmony with other parts of the building. The disadvantage cannot be overlooked — the susceptibility of wood to rotting processes and the effects of pests. To eliminate these problems, a good treatment with antiseptics and painting is carried out.

wood plinth trim

Finishing the plinth with plastic

A popular and affordable facing material is plastic panels that imitate different surfaces. Such a facade finish of the basement has its advantages: external attractiveness, tolerates temperature changes well and is universal, that is, it can be used not only for the basement, but for the whole house. It is worth noting the ease of installation, so you can do the work yourself. Understanding how to finish the basement, it is worth noting the minus, which is subjective — outwardly the lining looks “cheap”.

plastic plinth trim

Finishing the plinth with fiber cement panels

For exterior decoration, the presented material is the best suited, since it is based on a cement mortar, to which substances are added to strengthen the composition. Fiberglass, mineral components or cellulose can be used as additives. The exterior plinth finish with fiber cement panels is durable and has a self-cleaning surface. Acrylic or polyurethane paint, stone chips can be applied to the front side, and you can also find options that imitate stone, brick and wood.

When figuring out what is allowed to finish the basement, it is worth noting that the average thickness of fiber cement panels is 8-15 mm. The main advantages of finishing materials: durability, frost resistance, strength and ability to withstand sudden temperature changes. They also have disadvantages, which include a high level of water absorption and poor resistance to mechanical stress. Installation involves the creation of a frame of metal or wooden bars. Wind and vapor barrier is important.

plinth trim with fiber cement panels


Добавить комментарий