Landscape Design Styles — Alpine, Landscape, Regular, English, Japanese
There are different styles of landscape design that should be selected, focusing not only on your own preferences, but also on the area and features of the site. There are different design trends with their own characteristics that create a unique atmosphere.
Landscaping styles and their characteristics
When organizing space in different stylistic solutions, you need to take into account not only the main objects, but also the details. Experts recommend that you first work out a plan, for example, determine where the paths will be located, where the open area, a place to relax, a pond, and so on. Summer cottage landscape design styles solve this problem in different ways, taking into account practical considerations and priorities. There are important objects and elements that you should pay attention to:
- Plants are recommended to be planted in groups, so you can create color compositions that change throughout the year. It is important to balance the elements of the composition.
- Landscape design styles include a large number of details that are divided into groups. The central object is the building and the design task is to make it fit harmoniously into the space.
- For the design of the site, it is customary to use a lawn, which can be English, Mauritanian and parterre. Each option is suitable for different stylistic trends.
- When designing, landscaping plays a special role, which should be designed in such a way that the garden changes throughout the year and does not lose its originality.
- If possible, designers recommend organizing an artificial reservoir on the site, for example, a pool, a pond, a waterfall, and so on.
- Of great importance is landscape decor, which is selected depending on the chosen design direction. It can be, for example, sculptures, pots, alpine slides and so on.
When choosing landscape design styles, it should be borne in mind that more often designers practice combining several directions and different techniques. Thanks to this, you can get a harmonious site and embody the most interesting design ideas. In this case, the design is carried out without taking into account landscape features. This direction is called — eclecticism. Its main characteristics:
- When working on a site, you need to use at least 2-3 styles.
- There are contradictions, but for their combination it is customary to make one accent, for example, an object or color.
- It is necessary to highlight functional areas and they should have clear boundaries. For this purpose, you can choose arches, pillars and so on. At the same time, it is worth noting that each zone has its own style and this makes the site original.
- It is not recommended to use many elements in the design, as this will create a cluttered effect.
- It is not a good idea to install furniture, fence and decor in the same color. This will lead to the fact that all the details will merge into one.
Alpine style in landscape design
This option is suitable for sloping areas that will resemble a mountain. On flat areas, you can organize rockeries or alpine slides. Landscaping in front of the house in a modern style and behind it involves the use of a large number of stones, and you can also include ceramics and metal in the design. Another characteristic feature is contrasts. Zoning can be carried out, but all parts of the site must be the same. The house must be on a hill.
The overall color scheme is light, but it has many bright inclusions. All styles of landscape design have their own characteristics in plants, and for the alpine direction, you should choose the following: conifers and dwarf fruit crops. Such shrubs are recommended: honeysuckle, gooseberry, raspberry, hydrangea, barberry and so on. Flowers can be different, so even ordinary wormwood will look great.
Regular style in landscape design
The distinctive features of this direction include symmetry, regular geometric shapes and order. Suitable regular French style only for large areas. Its main concept is that man dominates nature and seeks to organize order over primordial chaos. Axial compositions, which are formed around the main objects, are very popular. An integral part of the garden is the bosquet.
The regular style of landscape design has such characteristic features: the right lawn, sculptures, discounts and numerous paths. Plants should not cover the borders, so annuals and bulbs can be planted. Spruce, arborvitae and trees that can be cut are suitable. Hedges are actively used in the regular style of landscape design, which should be symmetrical and neatly trimmed. Garden furniture can be stone or wooden, as long as it looks luxurious.
English style in landscape design
This direction is characterized by naturalness, the complete absence of strict forms and merging with the surrounding nature. Many garden styles in landscape design are based on major adjustments, and English (landscape) on minor ones, and even some neglect and pristineness is allowed. It can be chosen for small areas. The main features include the presence of winding paths made of natural stone, natural reservoirs and a well-groomed lawn.
In cozy places of the site, it is customary to install gazebos and benches. The recreation area can be separated by a trellis or arch. They love multi-level flower beds in the English style. If you want to install sculptures, then you do not need to place them in the center of the composition, but the right solution is to place them in arbitrary places. The design uses vertical gardening and a large number of flowers, such as tulips, mallow, and so on. In addition, you can plant thuja, boxwood and juniper, and the trees should be tall and shady.
Mediterranean style in landscape design
This is one of the most difficult areas to implement, since it combines citrus and coniferous plants, as well as picturesque reservoirs. Mediterranean style is ideal for relief areas. For a harsh climate, you need to select adapted analogues of subtropical plants. The main styles of landscape design include the Mediterranean direction and are characterized by such features: a lot of colors and greenery, a large number of natural stones, forged and wooden benches, garden figures, pools, cascades and fountains.
Japanese style in landscape design
In this direction, it is customary to focus on details, since each element has a meaning. The main details are stones, water and plants. The Japanese style in the landscape implies the balance of all components, the color scheme is restrained, and the main elements are stone and plants. As the main plantations, pine, thuja, ornamental apple trees, plum trees and rocks with hilly crowns are used. For variety, you can plant ferns, cereals, peonies and irises. The main elements of decor: rock garden, gazebo and «dry» streams. A source of water is essential.
Rustic style in landscape design
This is the most popular design direction, which is based on simplicity, naturalness and ease. Country style in landscape design implies the rejection of strict lines and a focus on freedom of creativity. It is suitable for any site and its characteristic features include: the presence of bright colors and natural materials, and fruit trees and shrubs, as well as climbing and medicinal plants, are traditionally used for landscaping. For decoration, you can install wells, hedges, benches, barrels, logs and various figures.
Scandinavian style in landscape design
This direction is characterized by the presence of a large number of chaotically arranged and at the same time harmonious decor elements and plants. The Scandinavian style in the landscape cannot be imagined without stones. You can use different plants, but it is better to give preference to fruit bushes and trees. When applying landscape design styles, you need to take into account their features, and in the Scandinavian direction they are as follows: the presence of arbors, flower pots, old utensils, for example, a plow, a wooden wheel, ceramics, and even broken ones, barrels and so on.
Hi-tech style in landscape design
This direction is characterized by originality, lightness and ease of care. The garden turns out to be harmonious and at the same time there is no clear functional zoning. Different types and styles of landscape design have their own features for high-tech, this is the use of materials such as glass, metal, concrete, plastic and stone. The features include the presence of clear paths, a pond, a well-groomed lawn and architectural elements: benches, sculptures and containers for plants. As a decor, you can use concrete pillars, stone and glass balls, gravel of different colors, and so on.
Italian style in landscape design
This direction is similar to the classical style in that they both involve the geometric division of the site into elements. In the center, in most cases, the main decorative elements are installed. The Italian style of landscape design recommends the use of ponds, terraces and sculptures on the site. Stone furniture and other luxurious items are allowed. Plants in the garden are mostly present in the form of shrubs, and hedges are also acceptable. You can also plant a miniature rose, Japanese quince, conifers and tall trees.
Modern style in landscape design
Thinking over how the site will look like, it is important to try to abandon clear geometry and straight lines. Landscaping in a modern style is based on the inclusion of modern materials in the design, such as metal and glass. To describe modernity, you can use the following words: relief, dynamism and contrast. Choose plants that do not require special care, popular are: multi-colored coleus, irises, phlox, lilies and so on. Lianas are recommended for the garden. Modern accepts any reservoirs, but the fence should be abandoned.
Provence style in landscape design
The garden in this style is fruit, so the main emphasis is on these trees. In addition, it is important to choose a large number of flowering plants and organize flower beds with herbs. In the description of the style in landscape design, it is indicated that antique or artificially aged items should be chosen for decorating the garden. Be sure to organize a gazebo and places to relax with cozy soda furniture on the site. In the design in the style of Provence, you need to focus on the description of the French village.
Eco-style in landscape design
This direction is characterized by simplicity, naturalness and harmony. Eco-style is suitable for sites of any size. They are commonly referred to as «lazy man’s gardens» because the concept is based on minimal intrusion into nature. But the garden should not look neglected, because this is a mistake. The more natural features can be preserved, the better the result will be.
To create a natural style in landscape design, focus on a natural palette and natural materials. Opt for a Moorish lawn with wild flowers, as well as wild varieties of bulbous plants. The decor should be natural, and the furniture should be made from natural materials. Thinking through zoning, you need to take into account that it is impossible to isolate the zone from each other, so use a smooth transition.