Lawn care — 140 photos and job description for the whole year


A well-designed lawn serves as an ornament to any suburban area. Against its background, decorative cultures and the house as a whole will look beneficial. A neat lawn actively absorbs dust, carbon dioxide, exhaust from cars. Green color has a good effect on the nervous system. And how pleasant it is to walk and lie on such a surface!

Many novice gardeners, once creating a lawn, believe that you can forget about it forever. But it’s not. He needs constant attention.

Lawn care does not stop from the moment the snow melts until late autumn. Only with regular maintenance and optimal conditions will a grass lawn be pleasing to the eye and bring pleasure.

The whole complex of measures for the organization of the lawn consists of 3 types of work: planting, watering and mowing.

Brief content of the article:

Lawn planting

Sowing a lawn begins with determining its location. It is not recommended to choose shady and low-lying areas. Lawn grass reacts poorly to stagnant water and lack of light. The site is cleared of debris, roots, stumps.

Herbicides can be used to control weeds. The soil must be dug up to a depth of 20 mm to improve air exchange properties. After that, the land is fertilized.

For this purpose, universal fertilizers are suitable. If the composition of the soil is dominated by sand or clay, then you can dilute them with black soil. Biohumus is added to dense, heavy soils.

The prepared surface is leveled with a rake and tamped with a garden roller or a conventional pipe. The rolled soil should be left for several days so that it finally settles. After that, they move on to sowing grass.

In work, you can use a special seeder, or you can scatter the seeds by hand, mixing them with sand in a 1: 1 ratio. On average, the consumption of seeds per 1 meter of area is 30-40 gr.

The first shoots germinate in a couple of weeks, and the lawn takes on a finished look a month after planting.

Watering the grass

To keep the lawn in a fragrant, fresh state, it should be moistened in a timely manner. The purpose of this action is to replenish the supply of fluid in the soil, not to bring the site to dryness or waterlogging.

The required volume of water depends on the type of soil, grass variety and climate in the region. An important rule when irrigating: it is better not to top up than to overflow.

The first sign of insufficient moisture is the loss of turgor and grass elasticity. If you do not react in time at this moment, then the greens on the lawn will turn yellow.

A few tips for proper watering:

  • watering is carried out only after complete drying of the soil;
  • the frequency of irrigation in the heat is up to 2 times a week, on cool days the frequency is reduced to 1 time in 1.5 weeks;
  • the depth of penetration of water into the soil should be 15-20 cm, to ensure this condition, the flow rate of the liquid is taken
  • equal to 10 liters per 1 square meter of lawn;
  • watering should be carried out in the morning or evening hours, then the moisture does not evaporate as actively as on a sunny afternoon. Not
  • moisten the plantings in the scorching heat. Drops of water can work like lenses, causing plants to burn.

It is possible to facilitate the task of irrigating green areas with the help of automatic irrigation systems. They will ensure an even distribution of water and reduce the time to complete the work.

A haircut

The next stage of care is mowing the lawn. It is carried out after 3-4 months from the day of planting, when a small bushiness is formed. The height of the grass can be a guideline for cutting. When reaching the mark of 9 cm, the greens can be cut.

Taller grass prevents sunlight from reaching the bottom of the plants, making them look paler. Therefore, it is important to mow the lawn in a timely manner.

When doing the first mowing, do not cut the grass too short. After shearing, the vegetation will grow and take on a neat appearance.

In addition to growing a green carpet with your own hands, you can resort to a ready-made solution — buy a rolled lawn. It is a natural covering in the form of a layer of earth with grass turf located on it.

The advantage of this product is ease of use and fast results. Lawn acclimatization occurs 2 weeks after installation.

Lawn care in spring

In the spring, work begins with warming and melting snow. In March, it is important to prevent the formation of puddles and the accumulation of water in uneven ground. To do this, you should walk as little as possible on the damp earth and leave prints on it.

With the onset of April, when a positive temperature regime is established, mineral nitrogen fertilizers are applied. If phosphorus and potassium are additionally present in the composition, then the growth of the grassy lawn is accelerated.

Another type of work in the spring is ferticulation. The term means the removal of dead shoots, a dry layer of vegetation, felt. A rake or a ferticulator is used as a tool. Such combing of the lawn not only cleans it of the old turf, but also improves air exchange. In the presence of voids, grass mixtures are oversowed, choosing the same variety that was planted earlier.

May is the time to cut the cover. It is advisable to trim almost twice, to a height of 5-6 cm. The cut grass must be removed from the lawn so that it does not rot and does not interfere with the growth of the lawn.

Below are photos of spring lawn care.

Lawn care in summer

During the summer, the lawn maintenance package consists of irrigation, mowing, fertilizing, weeding unwanted weeds, and aeration work. The first two procedures are standard and are described above.

As for top dressing, at this time of the year you can use the Lawn Sand mixture. It contains fine river sand, ammonium and iron sulfates. Such a composition saturates the soil with useful substances and effectively fights moss and other weeds.

For 10 sq. m area is sown with 150 g of sand. After application, abundant watering follows. Mowing the lawn for 4-5 days is not necessary.

Weeding the lawn is carried out manually, or using chemicals (Agrokiller, Lontrel-zood). They work selectively, destroying only weeds.

By the end of summer, the soil becomes dense, the access of oxygen to the root system deteriorates sharply. To improve gas exchange, aeration of the soil is carried out using an aerator.

Care in the autumn and winter season

Autumn weather does not indulge in warmth, but if the coating is well monitored, then even in September it pleases the owners. When caring for a lawn in the fall, pay attention to the need for repairs. At visual detection of oversights of a lawn («bald spots») restoration is necessary. Next, fertilization is carried out.

An important feature is the use of phosphorus-containing agents. They will help prepare the lawn for «hibernation», increase the frost resistance of crops.

Leave nitrogen fertilizers until spring, in the fall they will harm the grass. The final autumn action is the last mowing of the lawn. Depending on the weather, it is recommended to cut the grass in late October — early November.

Preparing for winter requires piercing the soil. This allows water to penetrate into the deepest layers of the earth. Activities are carried out on clear days using a pitchfork. With heavy snowfalls, you need to remove the leaves so that they do not form lawn felt.

Lawn care in winter is just as necessary as in that part of the calendar year when the growing season occurs. At this time, it is necessary to exclude movement on the lawn, reduce the load on the grass carpet.

It is not necessary to flood the skating rink here, to build ski slopes. A good protective cushion for the lawn is formed by a snow layer of 20-25 cm. At a lower value, it is allowed to artificially increase the snow cover to such a value.

The crust formed after the thaw should be broken. Otherwise, it impairs the circulation of air masses and can cause root rot.

Lawns need to be maintained throughout the year. Only with such a systematic approach can a high-quality and beautiful herbal oasis be achieved.

Lawn care photo

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Post published: 11.10

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