Overview of the best wine grape varieties for the middle lane
Many grow grapes for the purpose of making wine at home. But not all varieties are suitable for processing, and not all grow well in the middle lane. If homemade wine is a priority, then you should choose suitable technical (wine) varieties. They usually look less attractive than canteens, but they are much easier to grow.
There are a huge number of seedlings with the best characteristics on the modern market. They are frost-resistant and quite hardy to external environmental factors. It is for these reasons that they are chosen by millions of gardeners. They note the excellent viability of the plants, as well as a stable harvest.
Top best wine grape varieties for the middle lane
Cabernet Sauvignon grape variety
The time-tested plant is famous for its resistance to many diseases. Its viability is at a high level. It tolerates frost well, remaining healthy and tall.
The yield of Cabernet is quite high. The fruits are about 1.5 cm in diameter. The peel is dense, it protects the grapes from environmental influences. On the shelves in stores you can find a huge number of wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon. It tastes tart with a characteristic sourness. Tasters highly appreciate the taste and aroma of the sparkling drink. In general, the variety suits many gardeners. Due to its relative frost resistance, it is allowed to be planted in regions with a cold climate. The disadvantages include shedding of berries, which can be avoided with the help of timely harvesting.
Chardonnay grape variety
The size of the clusters is small: the length is 12-13 cm, and the width is 9-10 cm. They resemble a cone in shape. Their structure can be varied (from dense to very loose). The grapes are round or oval, greenish-white in color with a golden tan on the sunny side. The pulp is juicy, pleasant in taste, has a characteristic aroma for this wine variety. The juice content exceeds 74% by weight of the crop.
According to the reviews of growers, the ripening of the crop occurs in mid-late periods. Most often, raw materials are harvested in the second half of September. Bushes without shelter can withstand frosts down to -20 ° C. Experienced growers also note that with a long stay of ripe grapes on the vine, the berries begin to crack and rot (especially during rains). But Chardonnay endures drought. He has an average resistance to diseases.
Muscat white grape variety
The famous variety has fragrant and sweet berries. Despite not the easiest growing process, gardeners are satisfied with the result of the efforts. Dense and juicy pulp allows you to use fresh grapes. A medium-sized bush spreadingly decorates any garden with its rather large leaves and light yellow fruits, collected in neat brushes. The yield of Muscat white is average, which satisfies the needs of many gardeners. It ripens quickly — by August.
Long-term transportation is acceptable for berries — they are highly transportable and do not deteriorate on the way. The presentable appearance of the brushes allows you to put up a variety for sale. In addition, the tasting evaluation of taste is high. The pulp is sweet and has few seeds inside. Customer reviews are mostly positive. Most of them are devoted to the rich taste of fruits, from which an excellent wine drink comes out. A big disadvantage for some will be the capriciousness of the plant in cold regions. However, a responsible approach to cultivation will allow you to enjoy the result in full.
Bianca grape variety
Wine material from the Hungarian wine grape variety Bianca has a rich taste with pronounced vanilla and almond notes. To obtain table and semi-sweet wines, it is combined with wine material of other varieties with reduced sugar content. Thanks to this, they get rid of the cloying characteristic of the Bianca variety.
Bushes of this grape variety grow moderately. The stems grow straight, forming an openwork crown. Flowers are for both sexes. The fruits are not prone to peas. Thin stems ripen well almost to their entire length. Clusters grow small, shaped like a cylinder. Their average weight is 100-120 g. The yield of juice from the total mass of the crop reaches 80%. This wine variety matures in about 120 days.
Sauvignon Blanc grape variety
Sauvignon Blanc is a wine grape produced by crossing Chenin Blanc and Taminer. It is popular all over the world because it has excellent taste characteristics due to the optimal ratio of sugar and acid. For Sauvignon Blanc to please, it is important not to be late with the harvest. Overripe berries lose their valuable properties and taste characteristics, so they are no longer suitable for winemaking.
Bushes grow with medium strength. Sauvignon Blanc has flowers of both sexes. They are well pollinated from year to year. The variety is characterized by small or medium clusters. They are cylindrical in shape, sometimes with a wing. The vines are very densely planted. The average weight of the brush is 70−125 g. The juice content usually exceeds 77%.
According to the reviews of winemakers, the variety is excellent from a technological point of view. It has a very rich aroma and perfectly complements other varieties, improving the characteristics of wines. For their part, growers emphasize that ripe berries should not be overexposed on the bushes, as they will quickly lose their acidity and accumulate excess sugar. Sauvignon Blanc tolerates temperatures as low as -21°C. But he has a weak resistance to diseases.
Aligote grape variety
Mid-season technical grapes, widely used in wine production. The hybrid first appeared in France several centuries ago. Cylindrical brushes are densely «populated» with round small berries. Their color when mature is light yellow with dark spots appearing from the sun. Juicy and tender pulp is liked by almost all tasters. Aging is estimated by gardeners at a high level. The bush bears fruit very well. About 80 percent of shoots produce a crop.
Table wines, juices and champagne — all these drinks are the most delicious when prepared from Aligote. Pleasantly sour fruits combine well the ratio of sugar and sourness in the composition. Even when fresh, the variety exhibits good taste. In addition, the fruits are very useful for the entire human body. Buyers mostly write laudatory comments about Aligot. There is a slight minus, but still it may not suit gardeners — the variety is susceptible to fungal diseases. Therefore, you should carefully monitor its condition during the growing process.
black magic grape variety
A non-covering variety was bred not so long ago — in the 2000th year. For almost 20 years of existence, Magic has shown itself so worthily that it has gained great popularity in the cold regions of our country. The brush is medium in size, the berries are dark, rounded. The variety begins to bear fruit in September, therefore it belongs to the late types of grapes. In cultivation, it is not capricious and has excellent immunity to various diseases. Taste is excellent — a good ratio of sweetness and sourness. Therefore, Magic is grown specifically for winemaking.
Excellent frost resistance allows you to plant a plant in the beds of central Russia. It will perfectly cope with low temperatures down to -27 degrees. At higher rates, freezing of the vine will not become a problem — it will quickly restore its previous state. The yield of the variety is quite rich. Gardeners highly appreciate the taste of wine, which is obtained from these berries. However, they have poor keeping quality and deteriorate rather quickly.
Crystal grape variety
The wine grape variety Crystal is a high-quality interspecific hybrid bred in Hungary. Dry table wines, champagnes, as well as sherry wine materials are most often made from it. Crystal bushes grow moderately. Flowers belonging to both sexes are excellent pollinators regardless of the weather. Crystal is not predisposed to pea. The grapes ripen early enough — in 110-115 days.
The clusters are quite large (200 or more grams). They are close to a cone in shape. The density of grapes is moderate. The size of the berries is medium, the shape is oval. They are white or yellow-green depending on the lighting. The pulp is tender, juicy, sweet. There are no specific flavors. But this wine variety is poorly transported over long distances and poorly stored.
Reviews about the wine grape variety Crystal are mostly good. Vine growers note that it is great for the middle lane. Uncovered vines are not damaged without cover, even if the temperature drops to -29°C. And if you use the simplest shelters, they will withstand -40 ° C. Crystal has a very high productivity. It is fairly easy to grow as it is undemanding.