Top best grape varieties for the Moscow region
Cultivation of vineyards is gradually becoming a popular activity in Russia. Thanks to the work of breeders, new grape varieties and hybrids have been created that can develop not only in the southern warm regions. Even amateur gardeners can grow a delicious product based on simple care rules.
When planting a fruit, you need to focus on its characteristics. For example, for growth in the Moscow region, a grape variety must have the following criteria: winter hardiness, good immunity to diseases and an early harvest. Many varieties of beautiful, and most importantly, delicious fruit are endowed with such qualities.
The best grape varieties for uncovered cultivation in the Moscow region
Jupiter grape variety
An early ripening grape variety for the Moscow region with an average growing season of 110 days. Shrubs of medium height with many bunches of grapes. The mass of one brush is 350 — 450 gr. The color of the skin is blue with purple or rich red. The mass of one grape is from 4 to 6 gr. The shape is elongated, oval. Inside sugar sweet pulp (sugar content 21%).
Valiant grape sort
Thanks to its indifferent attitude to harsh weather conditions, Valiant has become one of the most popular among its brethren. It is characterized by high fruiting and excellent endurance. «Valiant» fruit will transform the garden or yard area. The density of brushes of bisexual inflorescences gives the variety a majestic appearance. Dark blue fruits are small. The skin on grapes is removed quite easily when fully ripe.
From year to year Valiant brings a rich harvest. It belongs to the mid-season category and matures within 130-140 days. Having withstood frosts down to -45 degrees, the variety will undoubtedly ripen by the beginning of September and will delight with its unsurpassed taste, which resembles strawberries. Watering, pruning and top dressing will be necessary preventive measures for a successful result in the season. Valiant is susceptible to some diseases: anthracnose, oidium and mildew, so you need to carefully monitor the condition of the plant and, if necessary, use special preparations to eliminate symptoms at an early stage.
Aleshenkin grape sort
Today it is actively planted in the beds of the Moscow region. The emerald color of the leaves attracts attention, and the taste of the berries is highly valued. The shrub is considered tall, and one bunch weighs, sometimes, more than 2 kg. After planting, the Aleshenkin variety quickly takes root. Toward the end of August, you can harvest up to 25 kg from one vine. The skin of the berries protects well from damage. Therefore, the variety can travel long distances.
High yields are noted by gardeners as the best quality. And even a beginner can cope with its cultivation. Watering and pest prevention will not become super complicated procedures for him. Grapes can be considered early, as it ripens after 120 days. The color of the berries has an amber hue with a reflection of a wax coating. Most of them have absolutely no bones. Due to this, the pulp is juicy, sweet and tender. Among the shortcomings of the non-covering variety, gardeners distinguish low resistance to frost in the lower part of the plant.
The best technical grape varieties for the Moscow region
Crystal grape sort
The hybrid today has frost resistance and unpretentiousness. 110 days after the buds are ready, the Crystal begins to please with good fruiting. In the Moscow region, it ripens by mid-August. The berries are not prone to shedding and retain their appearance for a long time, remaining on the bush. The brushes of the variety are long and massive — they weigh about 200 g. The plant will feel great in frosts down to -30 degrees.
Damp and rainy weather is not terrible for the plant due to its immunity at the genetic level to damp rot. It is also resistant to various diseases. The berries in the vineyard are not large. They are slightly oval in shape and white-green in color. Additional protection is provided by a characteristic coating. The skin is dense, which helps to maintain its presentation during transportation. Harmonious taste is noted by gardeners. The pulp of the fruit is juicy and sweet. Crystal makes an excellent dry wine.
Isabel grape sort
The plant has a fairly standard appearance. Clusters of medium size, not too dense, cone-shaped. 2-3 brushes grow on one shoot, so the harvest is rich. The fruits are round with a dense matte bloom. The peel is strong and has a protective function. Isabella has good transportability.
The berry tastes sweet and sour. The sugar content in it is about 17 percent. There are practically no bones. Grapes ripen late — in the first half of October. Ripe fruits smell characteristically — the aroma of «muscat». From the moment of landing, it will be possible to enjoy Isabella after 3-4 years. This type of plant is actively used for making wine. On the shelves of stores, such a drink is very popular. The cons of the variety include: drought intolerance (requires regular watering), susceptibility to a disease called anthracnose, the need for preventive care.
Amur grape sort
The entire territory of Russia can become a good help for growing Amur grapes — it will take root anywhere. The variety originated from a wild plant, so its characteristics are distinguished by endurance and persistent resistance to negative external factors. Even after minor damage, due to the high viability, the plant has the ability to recover quickly. The berries are quite large, and the clusters can reach one kilogram of weight. They are great for making quality wine drinks.
The Amur variety brings a decent harvest, both in the north and in the south. At the dachas of the Moscow region, it is in high demand. In addition to these advantages, grapes have excellent taste. It is sweet with a pleasant, barely perceptible, sourness. Unpretentiousness in care is a significant plus for gardeners. The plant practically does not get sick. With proper prevention, it will please with resistance to damage. The disadvantages include the need for regular pruning.
The best table grape varieties for the Moscow region
Queen of the Vineyards
Queen of the Vineyards grape sort
For cultivation in the Moscow region, it is recommended to cover the plant during the frost period, since it is not too adapted to cold winters (it can withstand temperatures of -22 degrees). A small amount of sugar in the composition makes the fruit low-calorie, but at the same time tasty and sweetish. Stepchildren of vineyards have great fruitfulness.
The leaves of the Queen of the Vineyards are small and have a rounded shape. Berries are round and oval. Their width is 22 mm, and the length is 26. An amber reflection can be traced on ripened fruits. Their aroma is barely noticeable — nutmeg in nature. In cold regions, the yield will be average, because the variety loves warm and sunny weather. However, with proper care, it bears fruit well. The queen of the vineyards is weakly resistant to disease damage. It is demanding in care, especially in cold regions.
Cardinal grape sort
Due to early ripening, the plant is popular among gardeners in the Moscow region. Large clusters have a cylindrical shape. Tasters highly appreciated the taste of the product — 9 points out of 10 possible. Due to the strong peel, the berries retain an excellent appearance for a long time for 3 months. Therefore, they have good transportability.
Amazing sweet taste attracts the attention of gardeners. With proper care, the Cardinal will bring a rich harvest. Fall planting is preferred. Experienced gardeners are recommended to cover the bushes for the winter with hay or straw, without which they will withstand temperatures down to -22 degrees. The variety loves moderate moisture, so it needs regular watering. The vineyard is poorly resistant to diseases, so it must be periodically processed, which does not suit some amateur gardeners.
Beautiful girl grape sort
Beauty has bisexual flowers. The dark pink color of the berries is covered with a coating that perfectly protects against damage during transportation. The composition of sugar is 15 percent. Therefore, the fruits have a sweet aftertaste with a slight sourness. They are large enough that many sweet tooth like it.
Stable fruiting will be ensured 3-4 years after planting. The root system is powerful, it nourishes the plant with the necessary substances. There are practically no seeds — no more than three in one berry. Beauty has frost resistance and is able to «live» at temperatures up to -25 degrees. The variety will become a real decoration on the table. Large fruits of excellent color will look presentable surrounded by other dishes. The disadvantages include a predisposition to cracking berries.
The best universal grape varieties for the Moscow region
Moscow White grape sort
The ultra-early variety is resistant to harsh winters — it can withstand temperatures down to -27 degrees. It is ready for consumption at the end of August. 60 percent Moscow White is disease resistant. The clusters are of medium size. Ripe berries with a greenish color and a yellow tint. They are small and round. The variety is popular for growing in summer cottages. Gardeners note the unpretentiousness of the plant and a rich harvest.
The size of the shoots indicates that the vineyard has a vigorous bush — they reach 2 meters. The shape of the bunch is conical, in some places it is also cylindrical. Moscow white can withstand frost. He is practically not seen in a painful state. It is bypassed by mildew and gray rot. Regardless of weather conditions, in the season the variety will bring good and tasty berries. Experienced gardeners recommend planting a seedling surrounded by buildings, thereby protecting the plant from the wind.
Hall pearls grape sort
The variety has a high yield. It will bring round berries weighing 2.5 grams. When fully ripe, the fruits acquire an amber color. Gardeners highly appreciate the nutmeg flavor of grapes, it brings real pleasure. The pulp is tender and crispy. Zala pearls are perfect for making homemade wine, its taste will be pleasantly sweet and tart. The safety of the berries is at a high level — you can transport them without fear of damage. The variety tolerates temperatures down to -24 degrees without shelter.
Hall pearls are resistant to most diseases, such as: gray mold, mildew and others. The mid-early species is actively planted in dachas, where it not only brings a tasty harvest, but also decorates the site. Feedback from gardeners suggests that Hall Pearl is one of the best varieties for planting in cold regions. There he takes root well and gives fruit no worse than in the south of Russia. Useful properties of grapes will improve health and improve immunity.
Friendship grape sort
Friendship is unpretentious in care and quite frost-resistant. It is adapted to the harsh climates of Russia. It will withstand temperatures down to -23 degrees, but if winters are characterized by severe frosts, then the vineyard should be covered during this period. Clusters of the variety are cylindrical-conical, small in size. They decorate the bush and look beautiful in the garden.
Round berries of a light shade are distinguished by a lovely nutmeg taste. Super early ripening allows you to try the fruits by August. The watery and juicy flesh appeals to most grape lovers. In addition, the fruits are very sweet, they contain 21 percent sugar. The versatility lies in the fact that Druzhba is used to make wines, juices, and also consumed fresh. The plant is quite resistant to fungal diseases. The variety is not suitable for sale, its presentation leaves much to be desired.