Types of roofs for a private house
There are different types of roofs for a private house, which have their own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. It is important to think over the entire structure in advance in order to take care of the necessary reinforcement, thermal insulation and other important points. Various materials can be used for coating.
Types of roofs for a private house
There are several types of designs on the market, which differ in their diversity. When choosing, it is necessary to focus on the following parameters: the desired design, a suitable price, durability and the absence of difficulties in mounting the structure. All types of roofs for a private house require a preliminary assessment to take into account the load on the rafters and foundation, and to carry out the correct calculation necessary for building materials and roof units.
Shed roof for home
The design has one slope or slope over the entire building and it is impossible to equip an attic space under it and provide full thermal insulation. The support is two walls. A shed roof for a private house has the following advantages:
- Ease of assembly and installation, so that work can be carried out without the help of specialists.
- During operation, it does not require special care, and if necessary, a quick repair can be carried out.
- Due to the absence of stressed elements, low wear is observed.
- Mounting this type of roof for a private house does not require serious investment.
Gable roof for a house
This design includes two equal slopes, supported on two sides by load-bearing walls, and on the other two sides, fastening is carried out in the ridge. Unlike single-sided, this option is more attractive and practical. The larger the area of \u200b\u200bthe house, the wider the angle of inclination and the size of the slopes should be. To understand which roof is better for a private house, let’s get acquainted with the advantages of a gable type:
- You can equip the attic or attic.
- In the attic space, you can install a heating and ventilation system.
- The surface quickly and arbitrarily gets rid of snow and water.
- It is easy to mount these types of roofs for a private house and you do not need to use special technical solutions. Repair is also easy.
Hip roof for the house
This name is understood as a design with four slopes, and those that are from the end have a triangular shape with equal sides, and the other two are trapezoid. The tops are closed with a ridge, and inclined ribs — a hip — are used on the sides. This form of roof for private houses has the following advantages:
- The design is streamlined, thanks to which it can withstand even hurricane winds.
- You can mount large overhangs that will protect the facades from precipitation. The surface heats up evenly.
- During the construction, you can use different angles of inclination of the roof. It is allowed to place skylights in it.
As for the disadvantages, such types of roofs for a private house are difficult to install and carry out structural calculations. During construction, there will be a lot of roofing waste during installation. In addition, the end slopes slightly reduce the attic area. Given the presence of a large number of elements, the weight of the structure increases significantly, so the foundation must have increased strength.
flat roof for home
This option is most often used in regions where there is little rainfall. It is important to use reliable materials so that there are no leaks, and be sure to organize drains. It is important to regularly monitor the condition of the insulation and waterproofing. This form of roofs for houses has the following advantages:
- Reduced costs for the purchase of building materials.
- The installation process is very simple and is carried out in a short period of time.
- Carrying out repairs and maintenance is not difficult.
- On a flat roof, you can install various equipment, such as air conditioners, solar panels, and so on.
- From above, you can organize an open terrace, a platform and a greenhouse.
Broken roofs for the house
If there is a desire to rationally use your housing and expand the space, then it is recommended to use a sloping roof. The height of the attic room can reach up to 220 cm. A sloping roof for a private house must have effective ventilation. It is important to use a practical material with a low specific gravity. It is very difficult to make heat and waterproofing with this option. The main advantages include the following features:
- can be built on an old structure;
- the possibility of using the attic and the organization of the attic;
- reduces heat loss.
Roof for a house with an attic
On top of the house, if desired, you can create another room, and the facade can be completely or partially formed by the roof. It is important that the ceiling height is at least 2.5 m, and it should occupy at least 50% of the area of the room. Different types of roofs for a private house with an attic have the following advantages:
- Maximum rationality of the use of space under the roof. An extra room can be arranged here.
- You can create an original interior inside the attic.
- Reduces heat loss through the roof.
All types of roofs for a private house have their drawbacks, and the attic is no exception. To a greater extent, this relates to the complexity of arranging the premises. To organize a room, you will have to take care of heat and waterproofing. A safe existence must be ensured. It is important to carefully work out the project and think over high-quality ventilation.
Types of roofing for the roof of a private house
Many mistakenly believe that almost all building materials can be used to cover a new building. When choosing, it is important to focus on several main factors and this applies to the scope. If the building is not new, then it is important to take care of the strength of the structure and the walls themselves. The roof covering for the house should be chosen taking into account the type of construction and covering, weight, material capabilities, service life, resistance to stress and appearance.
Metal roof for home
This option is suitable for conventional roofs and sloped roofs. For roofing, zinc, copper, aluminum, stainless steel and so on are used. The material for the roof of the house has several advantages:
- is reliable and durable;
- fire-resistant and unpretentious;
- convenient for installation;
- light and attractive;
- last a long time;
- tolerates different weather conditions;
- has anti-corrosion properties;
- wide color range;
- suitable for different designs.
The metal roof has some disadvantages:
- increased noise during precipitation;
- regular preventive work is important;
- you need to install pegs;
- you should take care of thermal insulation;
- during the installation of complex structures, a lot of material is lost.
Roofing for the roof of the house — flexible roofing
For the production of a “soft roof”, durable fiberglass is used and a layer of bitumen with additives is applied to it, due to which the surface becomes strong and well resists mechanical damage and UV exposure. The quality of such a roof depends on the amount of basalt or slate chips used. When choosing materials for the roof of a private house, it is important to take into account the advantages of each option, and for a flexible roof they are:
- you can finish different shapes of the roof;
- Roof installation is quick and easy.
- good waterproofing;
- not afraid of temperature changes;
- high level of sound insulation;
- resistance to mechanical stress;
- a wide range of colors and textures;
- long service life.
This type of roof for a private house has some disadvantages that cannot be ignored:
- If one slab is damaged, then the whole section of the roof will need to be replaced, as a process of natural adhesion occurs.
- Installation should not be carried out at sub-zero temperatures, since the adhesion of the adhesive layer will be ineffective.
- Be sure to install a solid sub-base made of plywood under the soft roof, which has moisture-resistant properties, and it is laid on the crate, which increases the cost of the structure.
Ruberoid for the roof of the house
One of the most popular roofing materials, and for its production, the base of cardboard, fiberglass, polyester and other materials is impregnated with bitumen with additives. The surface may have a dressing, the amount of which depends on the price. To determine the best roof covering for a house, the existing advantages should be considered:
- reliable waterproofing;
- ease of installation;
- high service life.
All types of roofs for a private house have disadvantages, and for roofing material they are:
- at very high temperatures, bitumen becomes soft, and at low temperatures it becomes brittle;
- low-plastic material;
- quickly becomes unusable under the variable influence of various environmental factors;
- easy to damage with sharp objects.
Decking for the roof of the house
This material is a thin layer of steel, aluminum or stainless steel. It has been very popular lately. The profiled sheet for the roof of the house has the following advantages:
- good resistance to corrosion;
- a light weight;
- ease of installation and ease of maintenance;
- fire safety;
- affordable price;
- attractive appearance;
- wide color range;
- environmental friendliness.
Such a roof for a one-story house or multi-story buildings also has disadvantages:
- noise during precipitation;
- if the protective layer is damaged, corrosion is possible
Panels for the roof of the house
In many countries, SIP («sandwich») panels are used for the construction of private houses. They have a three-layer structure, in the center of which is a modern heat-insulating material, pressed on both sides with wood, metal, plastic or magnesite tiles. When figuring out how to choose a roof for a house, you should familiarize yourself with the existing advantages:
- high installation speed;
- no need for a strong foundation;
- installation can be carried out at any time of the year;
- no need for finishing work;
- good thermal insulation;
Such a roof for a wooden house or for another building also has disadvantages:
- it is important to take care of tightness;
- forced ventilation must be installed.