Wooden gazebos: design and construction technologies


Imagine a gazebo in your imagination … Nine times out of ten it will turn out to be wooden.

What to hide, the tree in most of our territory is the most democratic building material in terms of price.

Much, of course, depends on the species, Siberian larch, oak and mulberry, for example, serve for a very long time, alder and aspen are smaller, but also have fairly dense wood, but most prefer pine.

This is not to say that the loose wood of this tree has such a virtue as durability, but there are a lot of modern chemical compounds designed to extend its life.

Wood processing includes initial impregnation with flame retardant and antiseptic.

The secondary layer is a special paint or varnish with a tinting composition and UV protection (fading).

Depending on the manufacturer, some compounds perform all the functions at the same time, but this does not mean that it will be possible to get by with one application layer.

Unpainted wood absorbs the composition well and therefore cannot do without a secondary layer.

To reduce the cost of processing, it is divided into two stages: the first is the application of a specialized primer composition (it is quite cheap), the second is a covering layer of paint (varnish) with tinting.


Your gazebo can be performed in the following options:

  • as a light canopy on posts that does not require a foundation foundation,
  • a small structure resting on a rubble cushion,
  • gazebo on a slab foundation,
  • construction on a columnar or strip foundation.

EASY CANOPY It rests on support poles and is suitable for their installation in the same way as installing fence posts.

As you know, the most vulnerable spot of any wooden support is the first ten centimeters at the exit from the ground.

How to protect a wooden pole from rotting:

  • coat the part that will be immersed in the ground (plus 10 cm from above) with bituminous composition,
  • when instilling a column, make the seal not earth, but crushed stone — drainage will not allow water to accumulate,
  • cement a wooden support,
  • fix the pole on a metal base — there are ready-made options for sale, ranging from those that are hammered into the ground and ending with consoles fixed in a concrete base,
  • in the end, you can immerse a piece of metal pipe into the ground or foundation, and fix a wooden pole in it.

SMALL DESIGN like those sold ready-made, can be installed on a crushed stone cushion.

To do this, perform the following steps:

  • logs or base strapping must be treated with bituminous mastic in places of contact with the ground,
  • plus they are laid on a drainage cushion (5 cm of sand is spilled with water, leveled, on top of at least 10 cm of crushed stone of fraction 20-40 with mandatory compaction),
  • you can stop there, but it’s better to put small concrete blocks on the rubble to provide ventilation.

This trick will not allow water to accumulate under the lags and will keep the base for many years.

PLATE FOUNDATION laid on a sand and gravel pillow and be sure to reinforce. The thickness of the concrete layer depends on the expected load and ranges from 10-20 cm with one or two layers of reinforcement strapping, respectively.

I must say, this is a fairly reliable foundation for a gazebo in conditions of heaving soil.

Already in the process of pouring, it is worth taking care of the attachment points of the pillars.

It can be:

  • metal channel or reinforcement, followed by welding a metal heel to it under a wooden bar,
  • metal consoles, pieces of a metal pipe or corner, they are buried in concrete directly during the pouring process, and then wooden poles are screwed to them.

Actually, on such a basis, a gazebo can simply be placed, as furniture is placed, provided that its supports do not need to be fixed.

STRUCTURE ON A POLAR FOUNDATION will be more economical than on the tape, although the latter is rightly considered the most reliable foundation for wooden houses and gazebos.

If everything is clear with a strip foundation: it is reliable, although expensive, then with a wooden strapping over a columnar foundation or bored piles, you can also achieve the effect of durability.

First, a columnar foundation or bored piles are installed (a well made by a garden drill is reinforced and filled with mortar). The metal reinforcement is pulled up in the center up to at least the height of the strapping plus 10-15 cm.

Next, the top of the pile is insulated with roofing paper and the harness is laid, as indicated in the photo above.

The following actions: install vertical supports, fix them with temporary oblique joints (they are removed only after the installation of the entire gazebo is completed), fix the connection nodes with metal plates and brackets. Fixation is carried out exclusively with galvanized screws.

As for the roof of the gazebo and its walls, there is such a variety of options that it is difficult to recommend anything unambiguous.

One element must be present — this is the crown (the upper trim of the gazebo supports). A roof structure is attached to it.

The easiest roofing option to perform is flat or shed. Even a beginner can handle it.

If you choose a roofing, then bituminous tiles (soft roofing), polycarbonate, ondulin will be the lightest in weight.


Well, now that all the pitfalls of building wooden arbors have been considered, you can proceed to their design options.

In the photo above: a modern approach to the design of the gazebo. Although, to be precise, this is a full-fledged summer kitchen-dining room. The basis of the construction is a frame made of timber with a section of 20 x 20 cm. The cladding is made with a board and a rail. Protective coating — impregnation (antiseptic, insecticide and UV filter) plus yacht varnish.

In the photo: the green roof works as a natural air conditioner and provides coolness for vacationers.

In the photo: a rather spacious gazebo made of timber with a wooden slat sheathing. Judging by the solidity of the design, it involves the arrangement of comfortable garden furniture inside.

In the photo: the brutal design of the gazebo made of pine trunks contrasts with the black and white birch background. I don’t know how justified it is that the slab on the roof is not cleaned of bark — this shortens the life of the wood.

In the photo: a light, almost airy design of a gazebo made of wooden beams. Only the most necessary details, maximum protection against excess moisture (concrete supports and wide roof overhangs). In general, flawlessly and for many years.

In the photo: a country-style gazebo for a courtyard. Everything here is made of raw wood, starting with supports, walls and shingled roofing, ending with a path made of sawn wood.

In the photo: a classic version of a gazebo made of timber, which can be safely placed near the house in the style of a chalet, half-timbered house or just a modern building.

In the photo: this gazebo is made according to all the rules of Slavic architecture. The only hint of modernity is the roofing, landings and timber tinting.

In the photo: a variation on the theme of a classic gazebo. The finishing style was borrowed from the British, and modern notes were added to the design by the performers. Neat and «correct», just what is suitable for an English or regular garden.

In the photo: a gazebo in the style of «forest fantasy». Four strong pillars made of peeled logs and shingled roofing.

In the photo: Art Nouveau gardens are gaining more and more popularity. To match them will be this gazebo made of dark timber.

In the photo: the charm of an English garden will be emphasized by such a design of a gazebo-canopy. Oblique supports under the roof actually form arched vaults, and natural tiles and darkened wood will testify to the venerable age of the building. This effect can be achieved artificially by treating the beam with a solution of copper sulfate.

In the photo: and this cute gazebo is the most appropriate in a Japanese garden. Its main decoration is the conciseness of the form and the dark tinting of the wood.

In the photo: white color is a favorite of both European ethnicity and American country.

In the photo: the massive bottom and lightweight top of this timber gazebo emphasize the reliability of the structure. Most of all, it will be appropriate in the forest zone, since it visually echoes the structure of ship pines (a powerful base of the trunk and a light crown).

In the photo: if you are a supporter of extraordinary design, you may like this option.

In the photo: such a retro design can decorate the most romantic corners of the garden in a landscape style.

In the photo: the naturalness of the forms is far from the cheapest option for finishing. After all, it is necessary to manually remove the bark from each trunk. Putting a tree under the «circular» is much faster and easier :).

In the photo: Indian notes of the design of a wooden gazebo for an English garden.

In the photo: a tricky trick, how to use the corner of the garden, bordering on the neighbor’s yard. Here the fence was erected higher, and in the corner they arranged a place to sit and a roof over it.

In the photo: country fans will love this version of the gazebo using wicker weaving. This is just a decoration, because the basis of the frame is three vertical beams, to which an awning roof is riveted.

In the photo: a respectable building — a solid environment.

In the photo: a stylish canopy made of timber with a dark tint.

In the photo: fashionable and in the spirit of modern trends. The original V-shaped legs are topped with a polycarbonate roof.

In the photo: the idea of ​​​​an art nouveau gazebo is just super. One «but» — given the peculiarities of our climate, there is not enough roofing, light and transparent, for example, made of glass and polycarbonate.

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