Arbor from a log: a multifunctional element of landscape design
IN SOCIAL NETWORKS
Natural wood is an environmentally friendly, strong, reliable and durable material that will never lose its popularity and demand. From wood, you can build various structures, furniture, fencing and decor elements. One of these interesting buildings is a log gazebo. Such a massive and presentable element will become a real decoration of any country house or summer cottage.
What is special about a gazebo made of logs: characteristics of the structure
The gazebo, which is often located on a suburban area, has a simple and cozy design. It can comfortably accommodate all family members and guests for a joint pastime. As a rule, the design has a roof, which provides reliable protection of the interior from precipitation and ultraviolet rays.
For the manufacture of gazebos, various materials can be used. It can be artistic forging, metal painted in any color or natural wood. The last option deserves special attention. The structure made of natural logs looks massive, original, original, harmoniously fits into the general concept of the site, which is clearly shown in the photo of the arbors from the log house.
Helpful advice! A log gazebo can be decorated with carved elements, thanks to which the structure turns into a unique, fabulous design.
A gazebo made of logs (photo is a clear confirmation of this) can have any modification. The structure is rounded, made in the form of a rectangle, square, rhombus or polygon with obtuse corners, which is determined by the personal preferences of the owner. A log arbor is characterized by strengths and weaknesses, which should be familiarized with in advance — before the construction of the building.
Positive and negative sides of a chopped gazebo
Arbor made of round timber has an attractive and original appearance. This design is in harmony with the general atmosphere of the suburban area, demonstrating unity with nature. The construction is able to bring coziness and comfort, making the space more hospitable. This design will fit into any landscape design, as shown in the photo of chopped log arbors.
A log gazebo is an environmentally friendly structure that does not harm human health, since it does not emit harmful substances, but, on the contrary, has a beneficial effect on his well-being and mood. This is due to the fact that the logs have a pleasant natural aroma.
Structures made of natural logs can «breathe». This feature helps to maintain a sufficient level of ventilation. Pathogenic microorganisms, mold and fungus do not originate on the surface of the structure. A distinctive advantage of the structure is good sound-absorbing characteristics.
Building a gazebo from a log is a simple process that takes a minimum amount of time. Even a novice home master can easily handle it. Also, do not worry too much about finishing such a design. Wood can remain in its original form.
Important! For long-term operation of the building, all wooden elements should be treated with antiseptic compounds to protect them from the adverse effects of external factors.
Do not neglect the use of such impregnations. They are a guarantee of protecting wood from rot, mold, cracking of the material and damage by insects.
Considering the positive aspects, one cannot fail to mention the negative nuances. A wooden structure in any case will be a fire hazard. Therefore, it is not recommended to make fires near it.
Constructive varieties of arbors from a log house
Arbors made of logs can have a different shape, which is selected based on the size and characteristics of the land where they are installed. For a compact area, the best solution would be a square building measuring 3×3 m. For such arbors, a two- or four-pitched roof is made from logs for summer cottages.
Helpful advice! A structure adjacent to one wall of the house looks convenient and practical, which can be supplemented with a brazier.
To decorate square arbors, various lattices or threaded elements are often used. To obtain a more expressive appearance of an angular structure, a combination of dark and light logs can be used during the construction of the building.
Chopped arbors made of rectangular logs are no less popular. Such structures usually have dimensions of 3×4 or 3×6 m. The buildings are massive, so they are equipped in spacious areas. Arbors made of wooden logs in the form of a six- or octahedron look spectacular and original. Thanks to this configuration (a large number of faces), the buildings look very compact, while being characterized by good spaciousness. Therefore, it is a justified option for small areas.
Interesting options for gazebos made of round logs
Very often, pavilions of bizarre configurations are erected that will appeal to creative, extraordinary-minded people who want to get away from established standards. Such buildings can be made in the form of a trapezoid, an inverted cone, a carriage, a mushroom, a hut, which is shown in the photo of log arbors. With the help of such a structure, it will be possible to give the site originality and uniqueness. However, non-format construction will require much more financial costs, which is associated with the complexity of the work.
Helpful advice! In a limited space, you can build a compact structure in the form of a canopy and supports, where several people can accommodate.
According to numerous projects, log gazebos can be open, closed or semi-open. The first option is devoid of walls and windows. This design has fences of varying degrees of openness and height, which ensures free air circulation in it. These are original summer wooden pavilions with awnings.
Closed gazebos look like compact houses with full walls, doors and windows. Such a building can be used as an outbuilding for receiving guests. Here you can also equip a summer kitchen. The semi-open version consists of 2-3 walls and a canopy. This gazebo is used seasonally.
Types of log house: gazebo made of logs
There are five types of logs that can be used to build various wooden structures. Each of them has its own distinctive features.
The first type is represented by rounded material. Such logs are processed on a woodworking machine for sizing, where the bark is removed from them and the top layer is sawn off. As a result, even and smooth building products of strictly the same diameter are obtained, which is in the range of 180-320 mm. A groove is cut at the bottom of each calibrated log. It is used to quickly erect a structure by stacking logs on top of each other. Different options for structures are shown in the photo of gazebos made of logs.
This type of timber is often used specifically for the construction of arbors. The log cabin is popular due to its attractive appearance. Products have the same shape and size, are characterized by increased air exchange, low thermal conductivity, which contributes to a comfortable microclimate inside the building even in the cold season, as well as durability.
When building a gazebo from a cylindrical log, it is necessary to create a reliable foundation, since such wooden elements are characterized by considerable weight. The laying of the wooden products themselves begins with the arrangement of the first crown. Next is the installation of the walls of the gazebo. The process is quite simple and fast.
Pine, spruce, oak, linden or aspen can be used to make rounded logs. Calibrated elements are of high quality processing, providing a smooth surface and accurately measured dimensions. Buildings made of such material look natural and attractive. They do not need finishing either outside or inside. To protect products from the negative effects of moisture, the invasion of insects and other microorganisms, it is customary to treat logs with special antiseptic compounds. In addition, this type of logs has an affordable cost.
Of the negative characteristics, one can single out the possible shrinkage of the structure, which occurs after 2-3 years, as a result of which the wooden elements can become covered with cracks. However, this option is possible when using low-quality and unprocessed material. Also, after shrinkage, gaps may form between the logs.
Gazebo made of planed logs or carriage-type material
For the construction of structures for summer cottages from a log house, a planed log is often used, in which the top layer is removed with an electric planer. Such processing helps to remove a smaller layer of wood than in the case of a rounded product. Thanks to this, planed logs are more reliable, warm and protected. Products have a perfectly smooth surface.
When erecting buildings, logs should be adjusted to each other, providing a higher quality connection. However, as a result, the complexity and cost of the work increase. Planed logs do not have an ideal rounded shape and the same size of products, so the final structure will turn out to be less symmetrical and even.
Carriages are processed from two parties. The result is something between a bar and a log. This form of products allows you to create an even and symmetrical design, which will be characterized by a low level of thermal conductivity, which also occurs due to the reliable connection of log cabins. A gazebo made of such material is less prone to cracks than structures made of planed and rounded products. Pergolas from the gun carriage are characterized by a long period of operation. The disadvantage of the material is the high cost.
Pergola: photos in landscape design, bright ideas for creating a lounge area
Structures made of metal and wood, for gardens and terraces. Pergolas, arches, awnings, gazebos, awnings. Interesting and stylish ideas in different styles.
Distinctive advantages of scraped and solid logs
Another type of log is a scraped product. The bark is removed from the wood manually using a scraper. Such processing allows you to save all the operational properties of the material. How to build a gazebo? Despite the fact that scraped logs are of high quality and reliability, it is necessary to perform a number of additional measures in the form of fitting products to each other, processing small knots, additional fastening and other work.
Scraped logs are characterized by a maximum period of operation. A structure made of such material can stand up to 100 years. In addition, this type of log is characterized by low thermal conductivity and high resistance to mechanical damage. However, such material requires a large amount of additional manual work. In addition, scraped logs are expensive.
Elite and expensive buildings are being built from a debarked log house, as photos of do-it-yourself log arbors show. The material is subjected to minimal processing, so such one-piece products have a rough appearance, but are as strong as possible. The construction of structures is complex and laborious, since uneven and asymmetrical elements must be adjusted to each other. Despite this, such a building will be characterized by reliability and durability. A single log has the highest cost.
The process of building a gazebo from logs with your own hands
Work on the construction of the building begins with the creation of a project for a gazebo from a log, which displays detailed drawings of structural elements with dimensions. At this stage, the exact amount of materials for the construction of the foundation, the construction of walls, the floor and the overlap of the structure is determined.
Before making a gazebo, you should choose a suitable foundation. The base must be strong and reliable, since logs, regardless of their type, are characterized by significant weight.
A monolithic foundation is arranged for overall closed or semi-open arbors, which are built from large-section logs. For him, a pit breaks out, the depth of which should be above the level of soil freezing. On average, this value is 45-50 cm. A pillow of sand and gravel is laid on the bottom. Next, the formwork is mounted, into which the reinforcement frame is inserted, and concrete mortar is poured.
Projects of arbors made of rounded logs involve the arrangement of a strip foundation, which is ideal for lighter buildings of a simple geometric shape. To do this, a trench is dug around the perimeter of the planned gazebo with an indent of 10 cm. Formwork is mounted in it. A sand cushion is laid on the bottom and compacted. A reinforcing cage is inserted into the formwork, which is poured with concrete mortar.
If you want to raise the gazebo to a certain height, you can equip a columnar foundation. Such a foundation is characterized by strength. The pillars are formed from a square brick structure, under which there is a cushion of non-bulk materials. After setting, the pillars are covered with a waterproofing layer of roofing material. For this, you can also use bored piles, which are characterized by a high bearing capacity. With a significant slope of the terrain or for a site with access to water, screw piles are used.
How to build a gazebo with your own hands: laying logs
The construction of the gazebo can be done independently, which will significantly save. If you do not have the appropriate skills of a carpenter, it is better to entrust the work to specialists. This is especially true for complex structures. The price of a log arbor depends on the type of structure, the complexity of execution, the type of roof and roofing. The average cost of a small building measuring 3×3 m will be 100-160 thousand rubles. The price of a gazebo made of galvanized logs of complex design starts from 250 thousand rubles.
The final cost of the structure is affected by the need for additional processing of the log house, finishing the building with decorative elements, creating furniture from wood, and connecting utilities.
For independent work, you will need to prepare a shovel, an electric saw, an ax, a drill, a screwdriver, hammers, knives, a level, a plumb line, a concrete mix for arranging the foundation, fittings, logs, a wooden beam to create a gazebo and roof frame, boards, roofing material, fasteners , individual protection means.
After the construction of the selected type of foundation, the lower trim is performed. For this, a bar with a section of at least 150×150 mm is used, which has an increased resistance to decay. The walls of the gazebo made of logs will be laid on it. The installation of the lower harness allows you to tightly and securely fix the gazebo at the base, supplementing it with lags on which the floor will be laid.
The first log of the log house should be laid on a waterproofed base. For this, bituminous mixtures are used, which cover the upper surface of the foundation. Such a coating will prevent the penetration of moisture from the concrete into the wood. As a result, the period of operation of the building will increase.
Laying logs is carried out without the use of nails and screws. Wooden elements for mounting walls are laid using the “butt to top” technology. The beam is a material of a truncated conical design. The butt is the end of the log of the largest diameter, and the top is the smallest. Such laying of the log house elements will allow you to achieve a uniform height of the sides of the gazebo.
Logs are installed horizontally. Each new row should be checked with a building level. Vertical connections are made with pins.
How to quickly build a gazebo with your own hands: a further algorithm of actions
Fastening logs at the corners when erecting a gazebo from a calibrated log or other type of timber can be done in one of two ways. The first involves fixing «in the paw». This is a combination of wooden elements without residue. It is carried out with the help of carved paws, made in the form of a regular trapezoid. This technology provides a tight and reliable fixation of the elements among themselves, which further strengthens the future building.
Important! Fastening logs «in the paw» requires certain skills and abilities, since it is quite difficult to cut out the elements for joining correctly.
Another technology for mounting logs for a gazebo from rounded logs or another version of a log house is called “into a bowl”. The elements are stacked on top of each other using a recess, which has a moon-shaped shape. This method requires a large consumption of material, since the edges of the logs will protrude beyond its area in all corners. This option, compared with the previous one, is characterized by a simpler technology, therefore it is very popular among builders. This method allows you to get a real Russian-style gazebo.
Some time after the structure shrinks, the structure is caulked. Next is the installation of the roof. For this, the truss base of a one-, two- or four-pitched roof is used. A crate is stuffed onto the rafters, on top of which the roofing material is laid. For this, slate, profiled sheet, metal tile or wood can be used.
Laying the floor is carried out on the logs. They are attached with metal corners to the lower trim of the timber. Boards are mounted on top. If the gazebo will be an open structure, a gap must be left between the elements to allow excess moisture to escape.
At the final stage, the surfaces are treated with antiseptic impregnations and a refractory mixture, followed by finishing with decorative elements. For this, you can use forged or carved products. Often a weather vane is installed on the roof. Near the gazebo, you can place a street fountain, garden sculptures or flower beds. The path to the building is laid out with pebbles or stone. Many create a gazebo from logs with barbecue facilities.
Common mistakes made when building a gazebo from a log house with your own hands
Many home craftsmen often make standard mistakes when creating a gazebo from logs with their own hands. To exclude the occurrence of irreversible problems, you should familiarize yourself with them.
When choosing a place for a building, it is necessary to focus on the features of the area. The gazebo should be located on a flat area, preferably on some hill. Do not build a structure in a lowland, since this area is characterized by high humidity. In such a place, water often stagnates, which flows from other areas after precipitation. These climatic features will significantly reduce the period of service of the gazebo.
When choosing the type of roof, you should focus on the option with a sufficient angle of inclination, which will eliminate the possibility of precipitation delay on it. The most appropriate solutions are shown in the photo of arbors made of logs. When arranging the floor, it is necessary to use moisture-resistant wood. Logs must be treated with antiseptic impregnation. Between the foundation and the first crown, it is imperative to equip a waterproofing layer.
The construction of a gazebo from logs should be started in warm sunny weather, because during a period of high humidity or under the influence of light precipitation, the wood will swell. After it dries, the products are deformed, which can lead to cracking of wooden elements.
If you plan to organize engineering communications to the gazebo, you should take care of this in advance by drawing up the appropriate drawing. For a closed design option, it is necessary to design a ventilation system. When building a gazebo from old logs, each element should be treated with water-repellent and antiseptic impregnations.
A log gazebo will become a real decoration of any garden plot, where you can comfortably accommodate all family members or spend time in a friendly company. From the many existing options, it is easy to choose the project you like, adding to it at will. To create a reliable, durable and aesthetic design, it is important to choose the right quality logs with high performance.