Basic ornamental garden plants


It grows in almost any conditions, however, it does not tolerate waterlogging and strong shading.

It is better to transplant in early spring, while the root system is slightly cut off.

I recommend not limiting yourself to a few bushes, a dozen, two, or even more boxwoods when they grow up will be just a godsend for you, because by giving the bushes different shapes, you can create beautiful compositions from only one species. And if you suddenly make a mistake by planting in the wrong place, the mistake is easy to fix, because a small bush favorably tolerates the transplant.

A very versatile (in terms of architectural appearance) plant.

Another evergreen perennial. In the garden, it is valuable as a source of phytoncides. For a lazy garden, creeping species and sprawling varieties of juniper medium, Pfitzerian (pictured) and Cossack are chosen.

They endure heavy snowfalls more easily and are practically not damaged by the weight of snow.

Among the vertical forms, I recommend the «wrong» silhouettes of the Horstmann juniper and the medium-sized sprawling variety Meyeri.

However, you should not give up on the «correct» columnar varieties, and be ready to «cover» these slim girls every fall, or at least tie them with twine to avoid breaking branches.

It grows quite quickly, so it can be planted in a permanent place already in the third year of development.

Adults tolerate sun and shade equally well, but young animals are best grown with shade. The best time to transplant is early spring.


Often this evergreen plant is thoughtlessly planted on the site just because it looks presentable.

Thuja is really good, but requires careful site selection and watering during the dry season. That’s why I can’t call her unpretentious.

But even without this slender beauty, it is difficult to imagine the strict vertical lines of the garden.

My recommendation is to plant a thuja in a hedge, even if it burns out, cut it in the spring anyway. In addition, frequent cutting will make the crown denser, and the branches thicker, which will protect branches from breaking off under the weight of snow.

If the site has the possibility of irrigation and clay soil, then this is a suitable place for the western columnar thuja (pictured above).

Thuya Smaragd for the front part of the courtyard, where she will leave an indelible impression.

Thuja western danica (photo on the right), on the contrary, forms a spherical crown of small diameter — ideal evergreen balls.

Low-growing varieties of spruce create pyramidal forms on the site and at the same time require absolutely no care: this tree is unpretentious, drought-resistant and frost-resistant.

Do not take this definition too literally: in the first years after planting, regular watering of young spruce is essential.

In the photo: Norway spruce Lorelei.

There are varieties with a cushion crown, weeping and monster-like. All of them are good, and most importantly, most varieties are low and will not create unwanted shading of the territory.

And if you want the spruce to work as a talisman, knowledgeable people recommend planting it on any corner of the front of the site (but not near the house).

This conifer is tall and not the best choice for small areas, but given that a free-standing specimen forms a beautiful tiered crown, a solitary planted pine is an interesting dramatic touch.

Grows fast enough. Crimean pine is considered medium-sized, mountain pine is considered undersized.

Scotch pine grows very tall, which is good for a large area, but absolutely unacceptable for a small one.

This is a tree with positive energy.

Buy pine only in pots, and if you take it with a lump, then demand warranty service, pine is very sensitive to transplantation.

If you need a flowering shrub with a beautiful crown — choose spirea. During the flowering period, an adult is more similar to a fountain of flowers.

It is unpretentious in care, loves open sunny places in the garden. It is there that, with uniform illumination, the crown of the shrub takes on the shape of a ball.

The color scheme of inflorescences varies within white-beige-yellowish-pink-lilac.

In the photo: gray spirea.

Derain white and red

These are all shrubs, but with proper care, they can form exquisite low-growing trees with a beautiful skeleton.

The attractiveness of the deren lies in the interesting color of the foliage.

Derain white is the owner of green leaves with white edging, and red — multi-colored foliage.

On one branch you can find leaves of green, green-yellow, yellow-orange and purple hues. It all depends on the variety and age of the foliage.

White derain favorably highlights shady areas of the garden, and red brings bright notes to monochrome green arrays.

Suitable for shaping, solitary planting and hedges.

Red maple boasts a spreading crown with red (pink, scarlet, purple) leaves.

In addition, it does not require any care, and deservedly is the base plant of the garden.

An ideal plant for setting dramatic accents.

In the photo: red palm leaf maple.


Lianas are the «lifesaver» of a landscape designer. They hide unsightly parts of old buildings under their foliage, and exactly repeat the shape of the supports.

An unpleasant feature is rapid and uncontrolled growth. To a lesser extent, ivy is susceptible to this «ailment».

It should be planted along concrete fences to cover their back, at the foot of dried trees, whose skeleton trunks can serve as a beautiful decor for a long time to come. One bush of ivy, planted near a lantern, will sooner or later turn an unsightly concrete pillar into an art object of «green» architecture.

Likes partial shade, development is inhibited in the sun.

bulbous primroses — an indispensable element of any garden. It is they who are the very first to broadcast about the arrival of the long-awaited spring and give your site new colors.

They are planted on sunny hillocks, since they are warmed up by the spring sun in the first place, and during rainy periods (dangerous for the bulbs) they dry out faster.

Bulbs of the first spring flowers are planted in autumn in September-early October. Planting depth — three bulb heights.

irises — flowers for the lazy. They have beautiful leaves and so many gorgeous varieties and stunning colors that they alone are enough to make the garden simply magnificent.

No wonder the iris is the dominant flower of the French garden. The only pity is that the flowering period is not so long.

But there is a reticulated iris — primrose and other varieties that bloom from May to July.

I would opt for two types of irises: bulbous and Siberian (Irisomaniacs will forgive me 🙂 The first ones will delight you in the spring, and the second all the rest of the time.

Siberian iris forms lush, tall clumps of thin leaves and is simply magnificent next to the rounded or disheveled clumps of other plants. Likes sunny places, does not bloom in the shade.

It is good against the background of hedges, stones, brick walls, in the background «green» borders, in large extended landings in combination with single columnar thujas (on their south side), as well as with other irises.

An adult bush is easy to divide, the divisions take root perfectly. The best time for this manipulation is early spring, July (after flowering), September.

hosta — ornamental leafy plant for shade and sunny areas (depending on the variety). Does not tolerate drought, however, as well as stagnant moisture. The best place for her is in the partial shade of trees in a raised flower bed.

It is attractive because it forms a dense curtain of large highly decorative leaves and is able to live in one place without a transplant for up to 25 years.

The number of varieties suggests a lot of options for your garden design.

Fern — like the host, loves moisture and shade. Beautiful feathery leaves can decorate any territory.

It goes well with all trees, except for birch, willow, acacia, oak, walnut — fern under them (like any other herbaceous perennials) will not grow.

The soil for this gigantic grass is chosen drained, humus.

Friendly «neighbors»: hosta, all conifers, boxwood.

Favorably tolerates the transplant. In the photo: an ostrich.

Veinik — one of the most popular cereals for the garden. Unpretentious, drought-resistant, loves sunny areas.

Curtain forms a beautiful high vertical.

Good next to the green balls of boxwood and thuja danica. Together with them, it will stand without changing color until spring.

Echinacea and Rudbeckia — flowers that will decorate the garden from late summer until late autumn. Fill the middle and upper tiers of miskborders.

Beautifully combined and easy to get along with boxwood, lavender, sage, reed grass.

Willingly «pose» against the background of walls, fences, hedges, green lawn. Grow exclusively in sunny areas, drought-resistant.

It is best to plant seedlings.

Lavender good both in single curtains and in extended arrays.

In fact, this is a flowering shrub, but it is perceived by everyone as a flower.

Recommended for the foreground of a mixborder, framing paths, the southern walls of a house (paired with rudbeckia or reed grass) and for solitary plantings in the middle of a lawn or stones.

Difficult to tolerate transplant. It is better to plant already grown curtains and immediately to a permanent place.

A distinctive feature of lavender is its strong aroma. It is invisible until you touch the plant. From touch and injury, intensive evaporation of essential oil begins.

In the photo: narrow-leaved lavender.

Lavender officinalis

Sage — for those who can hardly tolerate the bright rich aroma of lavender. The same blue color, the same round curtains, the same growing conditions.

One thing but … for a beautiful and vibrant landscape, I recommend opting for oak sage or similar medium-sized species.

In the photo on the right: sage oak variety Caradonna.

The curtain of sage is magnificent both against the gray background of stone, paving stones, and on the green lawn, near the hedge.

Curbs are created from salvia along paths, fences, as well as contrasting compositions with reed grass, boxwood, dwarf thuja, rudbeckia and echinacea.

Sage is also good in an array, especially when trees turn green in the background.


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