Features of the choice of drainage geotextile

Features of the choice of drainage geotextileFeatures of the choice of drainage geotextile

In the field of construction, when decorating summer cottages, the popularity of such material as geotextiles for a drainage pipe has increased.

The large assortment offered by modern manufacturing companies includes a huge number of trading positions. Products differ both in quality and in technical / operational characteristics. Properly selected geofabric is the key to the stable operation of the complex as a whole. Such material is required to prevent subsidence of soil in the drainage system. But you should also not forget about the exclusion of the diffusion of gravel into the water.

Features of the choice of drainage geotextile

Brief description and scope

The basis of drainage systems is steel geotextile, which is a reliable filter that prevents flooding of the drainage pipe or material. This is a special type of building material. To create it, basalt, mineral, glass and synthetic fibers are used. Products can be made in the form of a tape, web or even a three-dimensional structure.

The product is used in a variety of industries (light industry, construction and medicine), and also to achieve the following goals:

  • Thermal insulation of the soil.
  • Waterproofing.
  • Reinforcement.
  • Protection.
  • Differentiation of layers of materials of different fractions (formation of strong and dense interlayers).
  • Road surfacing.
  • Drainage.
  • Filtration.

Laying and replacement of geotextiles should be carried out by specialists. Only in this case you can be sure that the material will be able to fulfill all the obligations assigned to it. To replace the canvas, you should definitely use tools. The process is labor intensive and lengthy.

How to use for drainage on land

Due to the popularity and availability, geotextiles are actively used to equip drainage systems. If the ground area is located where there is a high occurrence of soil water (near a river, reservoir or other similar natural objects), then you definitely cannot do without a high-quality drainage system.

It is required in order to remove excess moisture from the site. But this system is also useful if there is heavy and frequent rainfall in the region. Water begins to accumulate and destroy the foundation of buildings. As a result, prerequisites for house shrinkage and the appearance of fungal colonies in the basement and basements appear. Excess moisture in the area will not allow the flora to develop and bear fruit normally.

All modern systems cannot do without the use of geotextile. Such an element is very important for protection against water, which is filled with soil particles. As a result, it clogs, and the operational life is reduced. Strong, durable and wear-resistant geotextiles are actively used on the basis of adjacent private plots.


The geomaterial is able to protect the system due to the fact that:

  • Resists the process of subsidence of the soil.
  • Passes and diverts water.
  • Takes on most of the main load.
  • Prevents mixing between coating, soil and drainage filler.
  • Prevents the process of silting of pipes and the geotextile itself.
  • Prevents the system from becoming clogged with soil particles.

These are the main aspects of the functioning of specialized tissue. The material is ideal for drainage systems of various types (both open and hidden).

Variety of structures

The performance of a drainage ditch geotextile depends on the structure. Depending on the task, choose one or the other option. The structure itself provides such basic functions as water drainage, moisture resistance and much more.


A non-woven fabric in which polymer strips are securely connected to each other in a checkerboard pattern, due to which cells appear.

lawn geotextiles


Flat fabric (at least in terms of volume). Strips of material are fastened together by different methods — at an angle, perpendicularly or closely intertwined. Cells are more voluminous and large.


The material can be described as a chaotic combination of threads / fibers. Elements are connected by 3 methods — chemical, mechanical and thermal. By the way, geomats have excellent lightness and flexibility.

It passes air and water without obstruction. Geosynthetic fabric with a three-dimensional structure will reliably help protect against soil erosion.


Non-woven large fabric with volumetric cells, and therefore the volumetric geogrid became the second name of the product. The canvas is made in the form of honeycombs from polyethylene tapes. The material is fastened by means of a welding method, which provides a durable and reliable connection. Due to the transformation of the form, it is convenient to transport and store it.

slope geotextiles

Clay mat

The material is made of 3 layers, and 2 outer ones are a geofabric, connected by a needle-punched technique. Clay is laid between them. After that, they are securely connected by stitching.


Narrow canvases, in which the width is not more than 0.9 meters. The fabric is distinguished by technically designed edges. For the manufacture of material, the method of cutting strips from a geosynthetic wide material is quite often used.


This section includes 3 types:

  1. The drainage membrane with geotextile is a dense material that is completely impervious to liquid.
  2. Bitumen-geosynthetic — fabric with a layer of bitumen.
  3. Clay geosynthetic fabric — geofabric with a layer of clay.

The main area of ​​application of such membranes was the manufacture of the bottom for artificial reservoirs like lakes, streams and ponds. For information on which geotextile is suitable for your drainage system, see the video below.