Finnish baths on a turnkey basis, projects
Finnish baths on a turnkey basis, projects
Projects of Finnish baths are gaining popularity and have become in demand not only in Europe, but also in the Russian Federation.
It successfully competes with the classic Russian bath in terms of rejuvenation and healing of the body, as it has unique healing properties.
In addition, it is much easier to build a sauna using Finnish technology on a personal plot of land than to organize a Russian bath.
Sauna in Finnish — what is it?
What is a Finnish sauna for an inexperienced master? Finnish saunas are a dry type of steam room, where cold water and hot air alternate, and this leads to increased sweat separation. This is extremely efficient.
At the same time, the air heating temperature reaches +110 degrees, and the water temperature reaches +45 degrees. The steam room according to Finnish technology is a special wooden room, which is equipped with shelves-loungers, which are placed along the walls to the ceiling. The regulation of the air heating temperature in the steam sauna is carried out by means of a built-in thermostat and is +75 … +110 degrees.
The air and humidity in it is maintained at 20%, which will ensure the creation of dry steam. Such conditions also contribute to increased sweat separation and the prevention of condensation. After that, the human body is cooled in cool water in a natural pond / pool to harden the body and increase the level of resistance to SARS and other colds.
Features of the bath according to Finnish technology
The peculiarity of such a bath is that the air heating temperature in the steam room is on average about +70 degrees, and for this reason it can be equipped in a city apartment or even a country house. The working principle of the steam room is quite simple — the fire inside the firebox heats nearby stones that give off heat to the room. So the air warms up to the set temperature.
These types of steam rooms must be equipped with chimneys in order to safely remove smoke. With enough air heating, people can sit on the shelves and pour cold water into the firebox to start steaming. The heated air will contribute to the rapid separation of sweat, which is the basis of bath procedures. After a good steaming, visitors can plunge into cold water, cooling the body to the required temperature.
Russian and Finnish baths — what are the differences?
According to the construction method and structural elements, the bath and sauna are very similar to each other. Both types are equipped with rest rooms, washing rooms, steam rooms and stoves. After the bath procedures, you can cool off in the font, shower or pool.
But there are 4 main differences:
- In a Finnish sauna, the steam is hot and dry, while in a Russian steam room it is wet. The temperature level in the sauna in Finnish reaches +110 degrees with a humidity level of 20%, while in a traditional bath with a temperature variation of +50 …. +80 degrees, and the air humidity is a record 70%. In order not to cause damage to health, it is necessary to correctly maintain a balance between air humidity and temperature.
- The next key difference between a sauna and a bath was the properties of the firebox. In the Finnish steam room, the stones are heated by means of a wood-burning or electric stove, and in no case should the stones be poured with water in order to prevent an increase in the level of humidity. In Russian baths, stones are placed in the heater itself so that they can be poured with water to increase the humidity of the air.
- The absence of bath paraphernalia and brooms is the third extremely important difference. Finnish saunas are such that they do not use brooms (this is a contraindication with dry and hot steam), and the use of a broom is unlikely to be useful, but it can even leave serious burns on the skin.
- A traditional element of the Russian bath in order to cool off after a steam room has become a font with ice or just cool water. such a function in the sauna is assigned to the pool, which is filled with water at room temperature.
Now, knowing the differences between the Russian bath and the Finnish bath, we will consider detailed information about each of the types.
|Finnish sauna||Russian classical bath|
|For the most efficient heating of the room, the height of the ceilings should not be more than 2 meters.||In a real Russian bathhouse, the height of the ceilings is up to 3 meters, which ensures the most efficient distribution of heated steam at the top of the room.|
|The sauna has a built-in ventilation system.||Lack of additional ventilation, as ventilation is done through the doors.|
The stove is equipped with an open heater, which provides external laying out of stones.
|The steam room has a stove with a closed type heater, which is equipped with a grate for protection. At the same time, the heater is separated from the steam room by means of a sealed door. For maximum warming up, a minimum of 2 hours is required, and therefore the main procedure can be started after 3-3.5 hours.|
|There are up to 4 shelves in the steam room, with the lower ones intended for procedures in a sitting position, and the upper ones for lying down.|
How to visit the sauna
In order not to damage your health, but also to achieve the maximum therapeutic effect, you should follow a number of simple rules for bath procedures:
- The last meal should be a couple of hours before visiting the Finnish bath.
- The duration of the first procedure should not be more than ¼ hour.
- Before visiting the steam room, take a warm shower and dry yourself with a towel.
- In the steam room, you should lie down, spreading a dry towel on a shelf in advance. This makes it possible to avoid possible burns from heated wood boards. The last 4 minutes should be spent sitting.
- You can quench your thirst in the sauna with warm green tea, still water, herbal decoction, kvass or fruit drink.
- At the end of the procedures in the steam room, you can take a cool shower or swim in the pool.
- With further visits to the steam room, the duration of the procedures can be increased, and the number of visits per 1 session is 6 times with a total duration of no more than 180 minutes.
- At the end of the procedures, you can bathe in the shower, wipe dry and relax for 1/3 hour. Only after the final cooling of the skin is it recommended to go out of the room to the street.
And now about what the sauna gives.
Harm and benefit from Finnish steam rooms
A turnkey Finnish bath is the best investment, since the benefits of carrying out procedures using this technology are obvious for the whole body — the cardiovascular, genitourinary, respiratory and nervous systems. Finnish sauna promotes vasodilation, accelerates blood flow and improves skin condition.
The bath has a positive effect on the skin integument in diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, urticaria and acne. It is extremely beneficial for the human body that the Finnish sauna has a low level of humidity at high temperatures. Hot, dry air makes the upper respiratory tract cleaner, and also ventilates the lungs and improves the condition of the mucous membranes.
Moreover, excellent body heating improves metabolic processes, and also contributes to a slight reduction in weight. The benefits of sessions in the sauna are obvious for the human nervous system, because the heated air helps to relieve fatigue, maximize relaxation and anxiety.
High temperatures are detrimental to pathogenic microscopic organisms, and therefore the Finnish steam room is the best place for preventive colds. Taking into account such positive properties of the sauna, before visiting, you should carefully read all the available contraindications.
Visiting is prohibited:
- Children up to 4 years old.
- People over 60 years old.
- With tuberculosis, epilepsy, hypertension.
- At high temperatures.
- In acute diseases of the respiratory tract, skin, and the cardiovascular system.
- Pregnant women and during lactation.
- In the postoperative period and oncology.
- In inflammatory chronic diseases of internal organs.
In order not to cause irreparable harm to health and in the presence of any disease, you should consult a doctor before visiting. The Finnish sauna is a chic body cleanser and invigorator that can provide maximum energy and a great mood.