Garden fountains and waterfalls


Maybe, the presence of a fountain on the site may seem like a whim to some, but everyone decides for himself.

Rest under the cool canopy of the garden will be doubly pleasant if the singing of birds and the chirping of grasshoppers sound against the background of murmuring water.

In addition, you yourself are free to determine the operating time of your mini-fountain.

in your garden such a water structure, I recommend that you carefully read the information below.

The first thing that the eye involuntarily falls on is the decorative side of the issue. Here the choice is quite large due to the variety of nozzles. So, you have the potential to make their fountain jet look like this:

  • fans (aka «fishtail»),
  • tulip (the jets are directed upwards, forming a cone-glass)
  • bells (water dome pointing down)
  • ball (atomizer causes the jet to fall spherically down)
  • geyser (a wide jet is saturated with air bubbles).

Also, jets can be arranged in a ring, singly, in tiers, launched into a spinner or illuminated.

In the complex, your fountain can appear before you

  • in a classic form (a jet is knocked out of the water surface of a pond or pool),
  • in a veiled version (for example, water flowing from the top of a stone pyramid),
  • in the form of a waterfall (cascading ones are especially spectacular).

Water supply to the fountain provides PUMP. Here, first you should clearly define the size of the fountain (area), the height of the jet and its nature, the height of the upper bowl (for a waterfall), the operating time (permanently or with shutdowns). These data are important when choosing the type and power of the pump. You should know that:

  • for a small pond, a submersible pump is used, located under the water level,
  • the work of large ones is provided by surface pumps placed outside the reservoir.

FILTER — a mandatory addition for open water. He is responsible for the purity of water, protects it from silting, it is selected based on the volume of circulating water.

Struggling with blooming water WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM — a device that supplies water with reagents that inhibit the development of microorganisms.

For a small fountain, this set is quite enough. Those who are planning to make a more serious permanent structure will need to make additional purchases.

Control over the water level in the fountain is carried out by special SENSORS, these devices will be useful for a regularly running fountain. To them in a pair should be added sensors to control the strength of the wind. They control the power of the jet and automatically turn off the fountain in bad weather.

The operation of the fountain can be entrusted to the system control — a box in which there are devices that control the process of water circulation and turning the pump on and off.


Having purchased the appropriate equipment and prepared the bowl of the fountain, you can begin to assemble it.

Next, I present a scheme for creating a fountain (waterfall) with the most popular submersible pump.

As you can see, a submersible pump of a special design (with a built-in filter) is located in the pond bowl.

For surface placement, a special pump is used. It can be hidden in a utility room or under a stone slide of a waterfall. It pumps water out of the fountain bowl (waterfall) through a hose, passes it through a filter, delivers it to the water outlet point and pushes it out.


Behind the technical part of the issue and, finally, the most interesting — aesthetics. Fountains are a deliberately artificial structure, so it is quite natural for them to be within certain architectural frameworks. However, the latest trends in garden design seek to bring their appearance as close as possible to the natural outlines.

A modern fountain is already the absence of a bowl as such. It is veiled with stone scattering and the water goes «under the ground», resembling natural geysers. In a more detailed imitation of this natural phenomenon, a powerful jet of water is completely knocked out of the water surface of the pond.

Waterfalls, on the contrary, have always been perceived as a natural process of water flowing from top to bottom, and therefore imitated high mountain streams. The influence of Japanese culture and the teachings of Feng Shui, where a waterfall is an integral part of the house, has led to the fact that trickles of water in modern gardens flow from top to bottom on almost any surface.

In the photo, a waterfall with a summer shower function, made of Corten steel, once rusted, will retain its strength for decades. Does not stain hands when in contact with metal.

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