Gladiolus planting and care in the open field
Gladiolus: planting and care in the open field
- Rules for growing gladioli
- Bulb germination, planting in the ground
- Gladiolus Care
- Video: how to plant gladioli
Bright, amazing gladioli attract the attention of many gardeners. Gladiolus (skewer) is a bulbous perennial plant belonging to the iris family. There are approximately 5,000 varieties of this flower, breeders are deducing more and more new hybrids with improved properties.
Rules for growing gladioli
However, in order for these wonderful flowers to please with their beauty, you must follow the simple rules for their cultivation:
- The planting site should be changed every two years, while choosing soil with a different composition.
- Varietal material must be selected in accordance with the climatic zone.
- It is not recommended to plant babies and large bulbs together.
- It is necessary to properly deepen the bulb: with light soil by four diameters, with heavy soil by three.
- Gladiolus love sunny places.
- Do not plant flowers in places with stagnant water
- Watering gladioli is required once a week, in the heat every day, preferably in the evening.
Bulb germination, planting in the ground
The overwintered material should be prepared for planting: select high-quality tubers, remove husks, rot from them, treat damage with brilliant green, potassium permanganate, pickle in Fitosporin, Karbofos to protect against bacteria. Then the bulbs are placed on a damp cloth, making sure that it does not dry out. This is necessary to stimulate root growth.
Gladiolus is suitable for soil with a low level of acidity, as well as loamy, sandy loam. Acidic soil will affect flowering, alkaline soil will cause yellow leaves.
Landing in the ground is carried out in the warmed earth, placing the tubers 10-15 cm apart.
Sand is poured into a hole or trench or sphagnum is used, water is poured, a tuber is placed (you can sprinkle it with ash) and covered with earth.
At first, the flowers are watered every other day, in a drought every day. Protects from overheating and mulching the soil with humus.
Of the mineral fertilizers for feeding gladioli, carbamide, ammonium sulfate, potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen are used. Organic fertilizers are diluted in water, before that the flowers need to be watered. Recommended bird droppings, previously infused for 10 days.
You can not feed gladioli with manure. Foliar top dressing is necessary if the soil is sandy. In this case, the leaves are irrigated with weak solutions of potassium permanganate, copper sulfate, boric acid (sometimes grated laundry soap is added).
Such spraying should be done when the buds are tied and during the growth of the flower. Gladiolus are tall plants. To prevent the stem from breaking, it is tied to a peg. If there are a lot of plants, then a wire or fishing line is pulled around them in several rows.
When cutting flowers, make sure that a stem with about 4 leaves remains above the ground. It is better to cut gladioli early in the morning or in the evening. The skewer has a lot of pests: thrips, onion mites, slugs, cabbage scoop. Confidorm Maxi, Calypso, Agrovertin, Aktofit, Aktara will help in the fight against them. With due attention, the flower will thank with lush flowering.