Heuchera — stellar return
This ornamental leafy plant once served as a favorite frame for rose bushes. Then, for some unknown reason, he was safely forgotten.
And suddenly, new varieties appear on the court of designers, brighter and longer-flowering. Geichera makes a splash and again becomes a favorite of gardeners.
It’s not even about the varieties, but rather that there are new trends in landscape design. Perennial plants with diverse foliage colors and modest flowers began to come to the fore.
Geichera belongs to this category. It is difficult to imagine all the variety of colors of its leaves: chocolate, purple, red, orange, amber, ocher, lime, pearl green, silvery bloom, bright streaks. And it can all be small, medium, large, flat or curly.
And what shades of flowers! Most geuchera have been able to show cream, pink and purple buds before. Now white, salmon, coral and rich red have been added to them.
The flowers themselves are small, the inflorescences are loose, but in the array it is an unusually delicate cloud, which, by the way, can be cut and placed in a vase.
Continuing the laudatory ode to geykhera, I want to pay attention to its other qualities. The plant is perennial, evergreen and hardy. The tough leaves are hardy, and if you inadvertently take on a curtain, you just need to ruffle it up to restore its shape.
By the way, slugs don’t eat it…
It got its name in honor of the German physician and botanist Johann Heinrich von Geicher. However, gardeners call it Coral bells (coral bells).
I used to pay attention to this highly ornamental plant, but somehow I put off the purchase: the variety is great and you don’t know what kind of “beauty” to buy. However, I could not resist and fell in love literally at first sight with this (pictured), blood-red variety «Firefly» (Firefly).
The leaves are rather modest, but it is simply impossible to pass indifferently past the miniature coral sparks. Blooms up to 3 months.
The genus contains about 40 species. But most of the most beautiful varieties are of hybrid origin.
Heuchera blood red (Heuchera sanguinea)
- Growth area: Southwestern United States (Arizona, New Mexico), the adjacent Mexican state of Chihuahua.
- Flowering period: June August.
- Color spectrum: white, pink, coral, salmon, red.
- Height: peduncle up to 50 cm.
- Growing conditions: in nature, it settles in rock crevices, hence the love for light shading, drained soils, endurance, drought resistance, burns in the sun, does not like organic matter, is suitable for rockeries, drought-resistant mixes.
- Peculiarities: peduncle long glandular, inflorescence loose, paniculate, flowers up to 1.2 cm, leaves kidney-shaped, rounded with a heart-shaped base, divided into 5-7 lobes, valued for bright, abundant and long flowering.
If you want to buy something beautiful and long flowering, stop at the varieties bred on the basis of this species.
Variety «Splendens» (pictured) is distinguished by a delicate salmon shade of flowers against the background of expressive green-blue leaves with a silvery coating.
The variety «Strawberry» also boasts a silvery «craquelure» on a light green leaf plate. Flowers are light pink.
The variety «Ruby Bells» is distinguished by a beautiful ruby hue of bell flowers against a background of bright green foliage.
Geihera hairy (Heuchera villosa)
- Growth area: valley of the Mississippi River.
- Flowering period:
- Color spectrum: green to bronze leaves, cream flowers.
- Height: rosette of leaves up to 35 cm, flower stalks up to 50 cm.
- Growing conditions: shading, loves moist, drained humus soils, can be fed with humus, suitable for a shady flower garden.
- Peculiarities: valued for the beauty of the pubescent leaves, the diameter of which reaches 20 cm, flowering is unremarkable.
Heuchera american (Heuchera americana)
- Growth area: rocky shores of the Great Lakes.
- Flowering period: from June within 50-60 days.
- Color spectrum: the flowers are yellow-green, the leaves below may have a brown-purple hue.
- Height: peduncle 50-60 cm, rosette about 25 cm.
- Growing conditions: partial shade, without stagnant moisture and organic matter.
- Peculiarities: the species form is not found in the ornamental garden, but there are a lot of varieties and hybrids with leaves of incredible colors.
Beautiful hybrid varieties geyher present below. However, this is only a very small part of what you can choose for your garden in nurseries.
«Glitter». Curtain height — 25 cm, peduncles — 40 cm, bush diameter — 35 cm.
Beautiful, silver colored leaves with accented black veins contrast with the lavender underside of the leaf.
The flowers are bright pink.
Hybrid «Marmalade». Curtain height — 25 cm, peduncles — 40 cm, bush diameter — 45 cm.
The leaves are very carved, corrugated, dense, shiny, bright amber hue, the reverse side is dark pink.
The flowers are white.
This hybrid has another ‘Lime’ cultivar with lime-colored leaves and white flowers.
Pappermint Spice. Very beautiful geyhera with textured light green foliage with dark veins.
Plant height 25 cm, diameter — 35-40 cm.
The flowers are bright pink.
«Magic Color». Curtain height — 30 cm, peduncles — 35 cm, bush diameter — 30 cm.
Variety chameleon. In spring, the leaves are bright green with red veins and a golden border around the leaf, in autumn they are pinkish-silver with purple veins and a dark green leaf edging.
Miracle. Curtain height — 20 cm, peduncles — 25 cm, bush diameter — 35 cm.
Variety chameleon. The leaves are lemon green in spring, reddish in the center and green at the edges, in autumn they are deep purple in the middle and with a yellow edge.
The flowers are pink.
Amber Weves. This new and rare miniature amber-leaved Heuchera is especially good in a pot or flowerpot, solo or in the company of houseplants.
In summer, it decorates the garden, and in winter, a window sill with good insolation. Beauty for the whole year.
If you cannot find this variety for sale, do not worry, you can plant any of the small geyhers in a pot, preferably a light one, since purple varieties will lose their color due to low light.
«Electra». The height of the curtain is 20 cm, the peduncles are 30 cm, the diameter of the bush is 35 cm. The lemon-yellow leaf is pierced, like an electric discharge, by bright red streaks.
The color of the leaves changes to greenish-yellow in summer and brownish in autumn, the veins remain bright red.
The flowers are white, on short peduncles.
Frosted chocolate. This new variety has large, carved, chocolate-coloured leaves that look like they’ve just come out of the cold. The flowers are white on peduncles of medium length.
In the flower garden, restrained and elegant. Unusually good in the company of border roses of cream shade.
Rio. Curtain height — 20 cm, peduncles — 35 cm, bush diameter — 35 cm.
Variety chameleon. The leaves change color during the season — from green-yellow to scarlet-red.
The flowers are white.
«Purple Petticoats». The variety is very hardy, purple-violet ruffle leaves very quickly form a fairly dense bush.
The flowers are white.
The variety is new, but has already gained great popularity among gardeners.
IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW
Purple geyher curtains will feel best in a sunny place, in shading they will simply turn green.
But green, «frosty», amber and lime shades will become most juicy in partial shade.
Green geyhera can also be planted in a shady flower garden.
Adult curtains should be periodically hilled to cover exposed roots.
GEICHERA IN GARDEN DESIGN
Each variety has its own distinctive features, primarily in size. Large varieties form clumps up to 45 cm in diameter. They are framed by paths and flower beds.
In this role, the geyhera even began to oppress the favorite of the British — the cuff, because it goes under the snow with an evergreen curtain and very quickly gains green mass in the spring.
More miniature species are best planted in rockeries or pots. There they will show themselves most clearly.
Blooming blood-red geyhera in large arrays looks unusual and beautiful.
Given the variety of colors, different varieties of geyhera can be safely planted in one motley mix.
It pairs well with almost any taller plant suitable for growing conditions, framing them beautifully from below.
Heuchera is also magnificent at the foot of coniferous mixes, as evergreen as itself.
REPRODUCTION AND TRANSPLANT
It is useless to propagate varietal geyhera by seeds. This method is only suitable for view forms.
The best way to get new individuals with varietal traits is division.
In fact, the most suitable place for any variety of geyhera is partial shade. However, if you want to cause abundant flowering and reproduction of this perennial, then it should be fed with compost in the fall, after transplanting it to a well-lit place.
Foliage color may suffer, but by the end of the season you will have plenty of planting material.
The optimal time for division is the beginning of May or August. You can and even need to divide bushes aged 3-4 years, otherwise you may lose a valuable variety.
A carefully dug rhizome is washed so that its structure is clearly visible. Young individuals are separated with a garden knife, the sections are sprinkled with ash.
Transplantation is carried out in a school or pot, in a shady place, so that the plant takes root and gets stronger. In the fall or next spring, it can be planted in a permanent place.
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