How to draw up a dendrological site plan
How to draw up a dendrological site plan
To achieve landscaping of the land, it is required to carefully plan the landscape. Plants need to be arranged beautifully on the territory to be decorated, keeping to the appointed order, so that during the growth process they do not interfere with each other.
The purchase of planting materials is made taking into account the available plants.
When erecting new facilities, people try to preserve mature shrubs and trees as much as possible, and specialists put their location on the dendrological plan of the site in the form of generally accepted marks.
Single plants, as well as groups of plantings of the same species, are assigned their own serial number, written on the plan and recorded in the counting sheet. In such documentation, the names of all plants are indicated, and all parameters and qualities are also described in detail. From the documents, experts learn about the height and stemness of the plant, the presence of damage, hollows and dry branches. Such information allows the assessment of all plants and expresses its compensation price. Further, issues are resolved about cutting down plantings that interfere with the construction process, and it is planned to plant new plant species.
What is the reason for the need to draw up a dendrological plan?
Cutting down, as well as replanting green spaces that fall into the development zone or the laying of communications, is possible only with the permission of state bodies that are responsible for regulating issues in terms of nature management. For this reason, when designing various construction works, along with other types of surveys on the built-up area, dendrological studies are also carried out, thanks to which a dendroplan of the site is made. Such a document, together with a statement of recalculation, is submitted to the controlling state bodies, which give maintenance and a logging ticket, which allows cutting down green spaces or replanting.
The felling of trees on the site is carried out with the permission of the authorities that control the implementation of the rules of nature management by those living in the country, on the basis of a dendrological plan and statement. For all plants destroyed and damaged during construction works, the developer must pay full compensation to them. In addition, the company performs landscaping work on the site, which is required to compensate for damage and harm caused to nature. Landscaping and landscaping the garden plot is impossible if you do not draw up a competent plan. On a PC, in special programs and software, a planting plan is developed, and at the same time, it is mandatory to observe the established standard distances between the axes of plants and the structure. It is also important to maintain the gaps that are acceptable between areas of green plantings that are located next to each other.
Tree-by-tree shooting of the topographic type of trees in a summer cottage is carried out by specialists who evaluate tree plantations and enter their location on the dendrological plan. A timely plan makes it possible to avoid mistakes when performing landscaping work and not cost a pretty penny. The implementation of planned activities for the improvement of the territory will also be accelerated, because the work is carried out clearly, in accordance with the plan of the garden plot.
Scales of the topographic plan and conditional marks
A plan scale of 1 to 500 will mean that 5 meters of the site on the map are shown as a 1 cm segment. In the process of developing landscape design projects, drawings that are made on a larger scale (1 to 100 or 1 to 200) can be used. This makes it possible to display each of the trees and indicate its height, species, and trunk diameter. Dendrological sketch of the site, made by a specialist on a scale of 1 to 100, with a detailed explication, which indicates the names of the plants used to decorate the territory. When drawing up a dendrological plan and a transfer sheet on a scale of 1 to 500, symbols are used to designate vegetation in the form of shrubs and trees — circles with a diameter of 0.3 cm. If the drawings are heavily loaded, then the diameter of the circles should be reduced to 0.2 cm.
Subject to the rules for drawing up a dendrological plan, highlight trees (historical, coniferous and relict) with a color or an additional circle with a large diameter.
- If the circle is not colored on the plan, then such a tree must be saved.
- If the circle is only 50% colored, then the tree is large and needs to be replanted.
- If the circle is completely painted, then such a tree is subject to cutting down.
Multi-stem trees, as well as single-stem trees, are indicated on the plan of the garden plot with a simple circle. Groups of trees and shrubs can be represented on the plan as separate circles or ovals, occupying the same amount of space on the map, taking into account the scale, as on the site. When shooting through trees, shoots and self-seeding are indicated by contours, as well as shrubs, and not forgetting about assigning a serial number.
Please note that when transferring existing plants to the topographic plan in the form of circles, an error is allowed, which is equal to 0.1 cm in the drawing scale. On the ground, this will be equivalent to ½ meter.
Below are examples of a dendroplan of garden plots, where construction objects and plantings are schematically marked. The plan of the suburban area, on which they are marked with numbers in red circles, and the plants from the explication are numbered in black circles. Approximately the plan of another suburban area shows that the buildings are numbered with Roman numbers. It should be remembered that firs, spruces and yews prefer shade, and with a high level of humidity and an even heat regime, without sudden temperature changes. When planting barberry and cotoneaster, it is necessary to take into account that such shrubs require a lot of light. Evaporation of moisture and eternal temperature changes have a good effect on the well-being of such plants.
Factors that are taken into account when developing
The beauty of territorial design depends on the responsibility of landscape designers and creativity, which relates to the development of a dendroplan. At the same time, over time, the appearance of the site should become better. To do this, it is important to plant plantings under conditions that are favorable for future growth and healthy development. The planting plan is drawn up taking into account the dimensions of the crowns of adult trees, flowering times and other conditions. When developing a dendrological plan and planning plantings in the future of plantings, specialists take into account many factors.
- Features of soil and climate conditions in the region. The choice of plants is carried out taking into account such conditions, since otherwise it is unlikely that it will be possible to achieve a flowering appearance of all plants. Pay attention to the need of plants for light, moisture and heat. Of great importance is also the real topography of the soil area.
- Compatibility — the plants chosen for planting must necessarily correspond to the environment, as well as to the age and architecture of buildings once built or re-erected in this area. Through plant varieties and placement method, you can shade the outlines of selected objects placed on the lot. To get harmony and natural naturalness, it is required to organize the space carried out by means of accent and structural plants.
- Compatibility — it will not be possible to ignore such a fact, even with all the desire, because in the world of plants there are certain rules of modernity. When observed, their adjacent specimens perfectly complement each other. For example, spruce will perfectly coexist with mountain ash, hazel or birch. Juniper or oak can be used as a neighbor for pine. Larch coexists with wild rose and fir.
- Accessibility — when planting plants, ensure freedom of access to them for further care. Crowding of plantings should not be allowed, trying to plant as many species and varieties of plants as possible on the site. With this approach, it will not be possible to provide a beautiful appearance of the ennobled suburban area.
- Seasonality — in order to give the site a flowering appearance at different times of the year, pay attention to the duration of flowering of planted plants. Certain stylistic directions of landscape design suggest a certain range of colors when decorating a garden plot. By choosing unpretentious plants, you can minimize the care of the garden, and at the same time not worsen the visual component of the site. One of these plants was the wild rose, which adorns the territory for a long time due to long flowering.
- The price of landscaping work — the project budget, which is calculated using the assortment list, will depend on the financial capabilities of the customer. For this reason, the amount of funding will have to be taken into account when landscaping and landscaping a plot of land.
It is worth doing the preparation of the dendrological plan and filling out the transfer sheet on a PC. When using a ready-made program, specialists will be able to quickly combine the actual site plan with the landing plan. Through modeling, it is even possible to predict the territorial landscape after a given distance of time and see plantings at their peak.
Rules for compiling a statement with an assortment
When planning plantings on a garden plot, an assortment list is applied to the dendroplan, which lists all purchased plants. Such a document allows you to draw up a project budget, justifying all expenditure items for the purchase of the required planting material. When filling out the assortment sheet, plants are placed in groups in a specific sequence. At the beginning of the list should be coniferous shrubs and trees, and then the turn of shrubs and fruit trees will come. After that, all deciduous plants are required, and then vines. The list of assortment must necessarily indicate all the names of plants, including in Latin, and the required number of specimens for planting. In addition, the list of assortments reflects plant parameters, namely, crown projection, height, decorative properties, types of root system, etc.
It is possible to save trees and shrubs during the construction of residential facilities with a competent study of the site, as well as drawing up a plan with a checklist. In conclusion, we say that such a plan, which was developed by the pros taking into account the requirements, makes it possible to optimally place the objects under construction, while maintaining the trees and shrubs that are already growing on the site. This affects the reduction of financial expenses required in the organization of cutting down plantings and further work on landscaping and its compensation. Shooting will provide a competent approach to territorial improvement, which will preserve healthy vegetation in good shape. This will increase the beauty of the site and reduce (or completely eliminate) the acquisition, delivery and disembarkation of large vehicles.