How to make a Chinese-style gazebo with your own hands? Best Gazebo Shapes and Chinese Roof Construction — Construction + Video
A suburban area cannot be imagined without a cozy gazebo in the garden. Gazebo in the yard is the place where you want to relax on a summer evening with a cup of tea with friends or close ones.
Many try to somehow stand out from the crowd and do something on their site. unusual, not like everyone else. Chinese-style arbors have recently been gaining more and more popularity. The design of such an arbor is made by a combination of smooth lines with symbolism and versatility, which in turn evokes feelings of peace and comfort.
The Chinese-style gazebo is distinguished by a characteristic and original roof, made in the style pagodas. It is thanks to her that the design takes on an unusual look. Similar structure will change the whole look of your site.
On a note: The pagoda is a Buddhist religious building.
A Chinese gazebo can be built from absolutely any material. However, according to tradition, devices of such buildings use natural wood.
There are several varieties of forms of arbors:
It is believed that in round gazebos there is a warmer and more friendly atmosphere, because there are no sharp corners. Also, this form looks more beautiful and it is more comfortable. A multifaceted gazebo is also quite an original solution. This design looks solemnly.
Do-it-yourself gazebo device
First, a place for a gazebo is marked and the top layer of soil is removed from it. If not take into account this nuance, then plants will grow under the floor of the building, the moisture from which will act on the floorboards and spoil them. This area should be covered with rubble or screening, tamping well, and pour a layer of sand on top.
Next comes the foundation. You can use tape or columnar.
On a note: For a small gazebo, a columnar device would be appropriate foundation.
When using a columnar foundation, it must be borne in mind that the support beams will be located at the location of the proposed pillars to support the roof. Another one the beam is installed in the middle of the building to maintain the floor lag.
Consider the device using the example of a base made of brick pillars on concrete slabs. Ten such pillars are made for a round structure and 2 more for steps. A sand cushion ten centimeters wide is poured under each element of the base and carefully compacted. A square formwork thirty centimeters wide is installed on top of the pillow, and footing fifty centimeters thick is poured. This is how the rest are done. ten columns.
The base for the steps is thirty by eighty centimeters. After curing concrete mortar, brick is laid. Roofing material is placed on the poles in front of bottom strapping device.
Since the gazebo is planned for a relatively light construction, the crown is made of two edge-mounted boards. The installation of strapping logs takes place along a short wall. According to them the floorboards are spread out.
After the floor is installed, support posts are installed. For them, planed timber is used.
Expose ten vertically arranged pillars. The beam is temporarily fixed with plank slopes. After the roof is completed, they are removed. But the base racks should be well fixed with bars 40 * 40 mm from 4 sides.
At a level of about eighty centimeters, a middle harness is made. For this, they take thick planed boards fifty by one hundred and fifty millimeters horizontally between the bars.
Vertical racks are fixed with reinforced corners. Then the top trim is made. As in in the case of the floor, the installation of boards on the edge is used here.
The main rule here is to collect triangular elements on the ground and lift them with ready-made blocks.
Important: The location of all external elements must be on top of each other, i.e. first the rafter board at the end is sawn at the right angle, then it is installed on the beam and fixed on top with nails.
It is not applied from the side, it is nailed horizontally, and then sawn off.
As mentioned earlier, in Chinese-style arbors, it is customary to use natural materials. To finish the roof, as a rule, tiles or euro roofing material are used.
In order for the roof frame to withstand clay tiles, its frame is made using a bundle wooden elements. And here it is best to use a multi-stage execution method fragments, which are then combined into one cone-shaped system.
The Chinese style roof is a complex structure that needs special rafter system. For its construction, you first need to plan and draw up drawings.
On a note: Special requirements are put forward for Chinese-style buildings: for the roof boards with a section of 150 * 30 cm should be used, and plywood can be used no thicker one centimeters.
The width of the vertical support must correspond to the size of the truss structure.
Also, the edges of the roof are curved to the top.
Roof installation is carried out in the following sequence:
- A board for the roof base is attached perpendicular to the central support.
- Another one is mounted with one end tilted to the center of the support pillar, and the other perpendicular to it.
- A third board is attached to the edge of the support, the second end of which is fixed in the center behind the 2nd board.
- According to this principle, boards are arranged along the entire base of the roof, getting a truss truss. A plywood sheet one centimeter thick is fixed on it, on top of which then the finishing roofing material is laid.
Important: To create an oriental-style roof, it is necessary to raise its corners, i.e. they must be bent. And for this lightweight profile material is ideal.
Ready-made Chinese corners can be purchased at a specialized store.
Next, the supports are installed and fixed by the strapping method, for example, with bars 15 * 15 cm. The supports are fastened with the help of anchors mounted in the base pillars. In addition, the binding of the supports and the top of the frame is carried out.
The walls of the gazebo in the Chinese style are mainly decorative, they do not no major burdens. They can be with many different windows and doors.
Also, Chinese gazebos can be of any configuration and have more than one floor.