How to make flower beds with your own hands and care for them: Main types — Rock garden, ornamental garden, vertical flower bed + Video

Flowers in bootsA beautiful and well-groomed garden cannot be imagined without flower beds. Creation of flower beds is the main task in landscaping various objects. A huge number of ideas for decorating flower beds can now be found on the Internet. Everyone is able to cope with this task.

A flower garden is a small piece of land with growing ornamental plants and flowers. Such zones have an interesting shape and emphasize the boundaries. For a flower bed, as a rule, herbaceous vegetation is chosen, but it is also possible to combine it with shrubs or undersized trees.

Combinations of bright colors with fern and coniferous plants look very presentable in the flower beds.

The goals of creating flower beds

Flower beds are made in order to ennoble and decorate the area in front of the house. With their help, you can make a change in the usual everyday landscape, adding bright moments. You need to choose plants in accordance with the individual characteristics of a particular landscape, here you need a competent decision and a knowledgeable approach.

At the dacha, the flower garden plays a very important role, namely, it gives an aesthetic appearance and serves as an island of positive for others. But you need to keep in mind that it must match the chosen landscape. To be able to navigate this, let’s analyze what flower beds are.

Types of flower beds

There are the following types:

  • Corner flower bed made of cementAlpine hill;
  • front gardens;
  • Water bed;
  • Decorative garden;
  • Mixborders;
  • Parterres;
  • Rockery or rocky garden;
  • Carpet bed;
  • Coniferous compositions;
  • Vertical flower beds;
  • Monolumba;
  • Arabesque;

Intricate compositions of flower clocks or the presence of country style in flower beds are also quite frequent decorations for household plots or urban park areas.

Description of flower beds

  • A rock garden is a certain area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe territory with growing plants of the alpine area. As a rule, in the center of this composition there is one largest stone, which, as it were, symbolizes a mountain, around which there are smaller stones with mountain plants.
  • The ornamental garden is represented by geometric beds with garden crops. It is very common in this case to use a trimmed boxwood border. This type of flower garden is distinguished by the presence of a gravel path, as well as symmetrical lines.
  • Flower beds on the water are made with a plant composition, which is framed by a small pond.
  • The front garden is made in the form of a plot with the main element — a fence. It can be both a decorative element and a full-fledged structure. From the front garden, as a rule, there is a decorative path to the household. In such flower beds, two main plants and several secondary ones are used.
  • Mixborder is an extended flower arrangement with plants that have a beautiful view almost throughout the year. The materials for this are selected very carefully. It is made 1.5 times as wide as the tallest plant.
  • Rabatka — a flower garden, the width of which starts from one hundred and fifty centimeters, and the length should be three times the width. It can be decorated with steps.
  • Rockery is a rock garden. It is a site with large stones and mountain creeping grasses, plants and undersized shrubs growing between them. The stones are taken the same and laid out in a chaotic manner.
    Carpet beds are called beds with dwarf plants. With the help of undersized plants, a variety of patterns or ornaments are performed.
  • Parterre is a floral ornament. In it, a prerequisite should be the presence of ornaments, any drawings.
    A flower bed is a small round, oval or square area on which multi-colored flowering plants are planted.
  • A coniferous flower garden is a piece of land on which coniferous plants grow. Also, conifers can be diluted with deciduous.
  • Landscapers who love beautiful flower beds cannot stand aside at the sight of vertical flower beds. This option is just perfect for small areas where there is simply no room for a large flower bed. Such compositions are created using screens or walls on which flower vases are arranged.
  • A mono-flower is a flower bed of flowers of the same species. The highlight of this type is that within one species there can be a huge variety. Plants to be used may include species such as asters, peonies, dahlias, etc.
  • An arabesque is a flower garden made in the shape of an animal or insect.

The main rule when creating a flower garden is the harmony of plant material in the composition.

The note: The design of the flower garden should be designed so that the selected plants bloom at different times and look beautiful throughout the year, i.e. from the first warm days to the first frosts.

Creating a flower garden

Preparatory work, fertilization, plant selection, planting and caring for them must be carried out strictly according to plan.

A selection of plants for flower beds

The selection of plants, as mentioned earlier, is a very important point. The climate zone should also be taken into account when buying seeds from other regions, because each plant grows in its own zone and will not survive in another.

Color is also very important. It reflects the aesthetic appearance and is the creator of the psycho-emotional background. The combination of colors should be soothing and inspiring, not annoying. A calming effect can be achieved by flowing from one color shade to another.

The contrast in the construction of the flower garden gives it vivacity.

Important: When creating flower beds, an important point is how some representatives get along with their neighbors in the flower bed. Flowering plants fight among themselves for a place under the sun and nutrients. When planting several species side by side, you need to reckon with their interests.

Plants for the flower garden

Consider what plants can be used for flower beds. As for trees and shrubs, small trees are used for flower beds, such as a small Japanese maple, and shrubs such as azalea or juniper.

Perennial flowers are the most suitable for flower beds. They come in a variety of colors, sizes, and bloom all season long. And they are a better choice than annuals, because they do not need special care.

Herbs will give your flower bed a unique touch, add texture and be a great addition. For example, fragrant blooming lavender, rosemary, thyme.
Background flowers are usually taken in shades of green, navy blue or purple. The dominant colors are red and orange. Neutrals are used to dilute a very colorful background.

If flowers with different growth sizes are taken, then the tallest should be located in the center, and as they move away from the central part, the height decreases. So there will be more space in flowers with an average height, and undersized on the sides.

Another not unimportant moment is the planting density. Plants need the necessary space in order to grow and develop. According to the existing norms, stunted plants from seven to eleven pieces should be planted per 1 square meter, medium-sized plants from five to seven, tall and voluminous up to three.

Also, do not forget about the needs of each species in light and moisture. So some love the light, while others feel good in the shade. One species needs frequent watering, the other does not. Therefore, they must be properly combined when planting in a flower garden. The flower garden is fenced off from the common area with a low border. It can be made from ordinary stones, or you can use bricks, wood, and even bottles.

Making a flower garden with your own hands

how to organize a flower bed with your own hands

Organizing a flower bed is not at all a difficult task that anyone can handle. The main thing is to take into account the main nuances and turn on the fantasy.
First you need to determine what size your flower bed will be. This is done taking into account the size of your personal plot. If it is not large, then it is not worth making a large flower bed, this will only contribute to its visual reduction. Conversely, a small flower bed will be lost in a large area.

Next, you need to think about what shape it will be, what flowers you want to use. Do not forget about all the features — colors, shape, height, flowering period, livability with neighbors, attitude to light / shadow. Also, in addition to the main plants, additional elements can be used. Think about what the fence will be. Design examples can be found on the Internet.

Pay special attention to the choice of plants, this will be the key to a beautiful and original flower garden. When plants have features of rapid change, every feature is worth considering — the shape of the leaves, the size of the petals, the color, etc. You need to try to create a composition of continuous flowering.
Caring for a flower bed will consist in timely watering, fertilizing, cleaning weeds, loosening the soil.

With a small investment of your time and effort, your flower garden will delight the eye all season long.