Monarda — wild bergamot
You confess to me
Sounds in you ti chari,
I am without you all the days
At the full of sadness.
Maybe here at the foxes
You char-zilla shukala,
The sun knew the root
Did you enchant me?
Do not joke in the evenings ...
And here she is, the same red rue, but in a scientific monard. For a specific aroma, similar to a well-known spice, this plant is called herbaceous or wild «bergamot».
A rather modest-looking flowering perennial with disheveled flowers vaguely resembling either an aster or a chamomile.
The discreet charm of the monarda was appreciated by gardeners, and the peculiarities of some species were to the liking of culinary specialists.
In addition, this perennial is a valuable medicinal plant and honey plant with unique nectar.
In general terms, the monarda is a rather unpretentious plant that winters at temperatures down to -25 ° C. However, it prefers calcareous soils and does not grow well in acidic soils. Therefore, a place for it has been prepared since autumn, adding peat, ash, and sand to the soil.
Monarda selection is amazing: a lot of varieties have been bred that can surprise a novice gardener. How can such a miracle be obtained from such a shy woman (photo below).
All of them are derived on the basis of the basic ones and retain their external features only during vegetative propagation. Some of the most popular types are presented below.
Monarda lemon (Monarda citriodora)
- Growth area:
- Height: 15-95 cm.
- Flowering period:
- Colour: pale lilac flowers.
- Growing conditions:
- Features: an annual plant, essential oil contains the same components as mint, lemon balm, basil, the plant is used as a spice.
Monarda fistula (Monarda Fistulosa)
- Growth area:
- Height: up to 80 cm.
- Flowering period: August-September.
- Color scheme: lilac and purple flowers.
- Growing Conditions: Moist loose soils, sunny places, possibly with partial shading.
- Features: perennial, used in cooking for pickling, valuable honey plant.
Monarda double (Monarda Didyma)
- Growth area: homeland — North America, has taken root in Europe and Asia.
- Height: 65 to 120 cm.
- Flowering period: July-August.
- Color scheme: lilac flowers bred varieties of red and white.
- Growing conditions: sun or partial shade, light, moist, drained, non-acidic soil.
- Features: perennial with the aroma of bergamot, used in cooking.
IMPORTANTbackgammon loves quiet windless sunny areas and non-acidic soils. Keep this in mind when choosing a location for her.
Monarda looks great both in single landings in curtains and in mixborders. And although the flowers themselves are not so lush and large, but, coupled with a densely leafy stem, the blooming curtain more resembles a green cloud with stars.
Evening matron, zinnia, gaillardia, yarrow, echinacea, hosts, rudbeckia, stonecrop, veronica, spikelet liatris — this is not a complete list of successful partners for the monarda.
When planting these plants nearby, it is worth considering their height so as not to overlap low curtains with higher ones.
Monarda is also good in mixed landings, as if in a flowering meadow.
True, such a flower garden will eventually turn into a mix of paintings and will require reconstruction: some form a mixborder, others divide and plant individuals randomly and one by one.
REPRODUCTION AND TRANSPLANT
Monarda is propagated by seeds in open ground in those regions where snow melts already in February. In the loosened soil in the last month of winter, the seeds are buried no more than 2 cm. After two months of stratification, April will please you with entrances at the sowing site. They should be thinned out. An autumn planting of seeds is possible, then in the spring you will only have to pick out the sprouts.
Propagation by seedlings is more suitable for cold regions. Seeds are sown in boxes at the beginning of the year and placed under a film in a room with room temperature. Shoots will appear in 18-20 days, and after another three weeks they should be picked.
When propagating varietal monarda, growing from seeds does not retain varietal characteristics, therefore it is better to use the method of dividing the rhizome.
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