Pyracantha — bright berries and excellent plasticity


If not for the southern origin, the pyracantha would live in every garden plot.

She has all the ingredients to be a bright tapeworm, a charming garden bonsai, an exquisite topiary and just a reliable hedge.
True, there is one “but” that crosses out all the advantages — low frost resistance (zone 5-8).
We must pay tribute, with root warming, even a bush frozen in a harsh winter will recover like a phoenix from the ashes. Because it is logical to use the pyracanthus, a component of a hedge, only in the southern regions.
To say that this shrub blooms profusely and bears fruit is an understatement. There are so many berries (or rather, apples) in autumn that you can’t even see the foliage behind them. Varieties of pyracantha please with three «hot» colors of fruits: yellow, orange and red.
The height of an adult plant varies from 2 to 6 meters. With such parameters, anything can be formed from it, especially since the trunk “remembers” the shape of the support even after its removal.
If we talk about non-interference in the natural outlines, then the pyracantha bush turns out to be quite sprawling and “disheveled”, but, in my opinion, the value of this plant for the gardener is precisely in compliance. And the sooner you start shaping it, the more beautiful the result will be.
CAREFULLY! Pyracantha thorns (the name translates as «fiery spike») are up to 2.5 cm long, very prickly and can even cause an unpleasant burning sensation and allergic shock. Excellent protection for facades and site boundaries)))

In a warm climate, pyracantha is an evergreen perennial, while in our country it is semi-deciduous or deciduous, moreover, not all species can withstand frost. Species plants are not so pleasing with an abundance of flowers and a scattering of berries, therefore, varietal specimens are used in gardening.

Pyracantha angustifolia (Pyracantha angustifolia)
  • Growth area: Southwest China
  • Flowering period: May.
  • Color scheme: white flowers, orange fruits?
  • Height: up to 4m.
  • Growing conditions: undemanding to soils, loves the sun, tolerates partial shade and dry soil, frost resistance up to -200With, hibernates with warming.
  • Peculiarities: a prickly evergreen perennial that behaves in our climate like a deciduous shrub, the most frost-resistant of the other species, branches well and loves pruning; used in hedges of the Orange Glow and Golden Charmer varieties.

Pyracantha crenate (Pyracantha crenulata)
  • Growth area: Himalayas
  • Flowering period: May June
  • Color spectrum: white flowers, orange, yellow and red berries.
  • Height: up to 2 m
  • Growing conditions: rocky, drained soils, loves the sun, tolerates short-term drought, does not tolerate flooding.
  • Peculiarities: an evergreen perennial with a charming aroma, for growing in tubs and winter gardens, it does not hibernate in our open field.

Pyracantha bright red (Pyracantha coccinea)
  • Growth area: Southern Europe, Asia Minor, Caucasus.
  • Flowering period: June.
  • Color spectrum: the flowers are white, the spectacular carmine color of the berries gave the name to the whole species.
  • Height: 2-3 m.
  • Growing conditions: dry heavy soils, tolerates air pollution, watering is rare, but plentiful, sun, partial shade, hibernates with warming.
  • Peculiarities: evergreen perennial shrub, which we better grow as a tub plant; perfectly tolerates crowning, therefore individuals of the most intricate forms are formed from it; famous varieties Red Column and Red cash suitable for forming on supports.

IMPORTANT: pyracanthus can and should be formed. Pruning is done in April, late September and when the first frost hits.

To get a beautiful well-groomed bush, you should also take care of top dressing at the beginning and end of the season with complex fertilizers with a low nitrogen content.
European gardeners do not have a soul in this shrub: whatever you want — everything can be “blinded” from it.
Firstly, this is an ideal site fencing: beautiful, dense and prickly.
Secondly, some varieties of pyracanthas are able to grow up to 6 m, while they look great on supports. The ideal solution for the design of arches, pergolas, arbors and facades. Prickly branches are simply tied to a support.
Thirdly, this plant allows not only to create topiary from itself, but also perfectly formed (with the help of the gardener’s imagination and hands) into charming mini-trees with umbrella crowns.
Even in cold regions, this southerner is a welcome guest in the garden, however, like a tub plant.

In mixborders, the place of the pyracantha is in the background. It serves as a «rich» backdrop for garden plants with a claim to luxury all year round: all double flowers grown for cutting.

The branches of the bush look luxurious against the background of the stone.

Look at these buds and mini apples. Next to them, any conifer looks like a Christmas tree!
The fruits of the pyracantha are inedible, but only for people — the birds are happy to feast on its frostbitten miniature apples.
Seed propagation of pyracantha does not preserve varietal properties, therefore only species plants are propagated in this way. If this suits you, before planting in the ground, the seeds must be stratified. There are no special temperatures and terms, everything is as usual. The seedling will bloom only after 3-4 years.
Professionals use the green cutting method: cuttings with 3-5 internodes remaining after spring pruning are cut obliquely, kept in a rooting stimulator for 24 hours and then planted in a greenhouse at an angle of 450, in the wet sand. Cuttings require periodic ventilation and maintenance of soil moisture.
In three weeks, roots will appear, the young are planted in pots, but they grow up to a year in a greenhouse. In the next few years, young plants can overwinter in the ground with mandatory shelter.
Pyracanthus can also be propagated by lignified shoots and layering.
Transplantation to a permanent place is carried out only in the spring in pre-prepared holes. A week before planting, deepenings of 40x40x40 cm are prepared. The excavated soil is mixed with humus, the seedling is planted so that a slight depression forms around it. For the first three months, young growth will require additional watering, and so that the earth does not dry out, the trunk circle is mulched with tree bark.

What else to read on the site:

The Bouquet Garden will definitely appeal to a summer resident who does not recognize the exquisite simplicity of new wave flower beds and the rigor of formal compositions. It is for those gardeners who love bright flowers for cut flowers, but do not want the site to look like a garden of flowers.

Small yard-garden

Planning a garden in a small area is not an easy task. After all, the designer faces several questions at once: ??? How to make space seem bigger ??? — how to plant trees without losing the feeling of space,
??? — what architectural elements to choose and how to…

Japanese garden in a cold climate

Pictures with images of a Japanese garden are so picturesque that you involuntarily catch yourself wanting to create something similar on your site. And you know, this is not such a fantastic idea … It is most realistic to implement it in a small area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe yard or dacha 6 acres.


Добавить комментарий