How to plant a lot in a small area: 7 tips for a gardener
one Sow aisles between rows
Who said that the space between the beds is useless? With the right choice of neighbors, you will not have problems with the care of any culture. For example, cabbage can be planted next to potatoes — it ripens much later. Another interesting neighborhood: tomatoes and currants. These two cultures can also coexist favorably. Tomatoes will scare away insects from currants, and that, in turn, will serve as a support for flexible tall stems of tomatoes.
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2 Shape trees with palmette
There is a whole technology for the formation of flat trees, which is called palmette. The unusual shape of the tree does not adversely affect fruiting. On the contrary, each branch of the tree is maximally illuminated by the sun — so the fruits will ripen faster. The absence of extra shoots has a beneficial effect on the size of the fruit, because more nutrients are supplied to the remaining branches. But the main advantage of palmettes is compactness. Instead of one large apple tree in a small area, you can grow several fruit trees at once.
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3 Make vertical beds
Vertical beds allow you to double or even triple the planting area. It is best to form vertical structures with a pyramid or steps. So the upper plants will not cast a shadow on the lower ones, there will be enough sunlight for each level. Vertical beds are also convenient because they are easier to care for: you don’t have to bend down to the ground to water them or weed them.
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four Plant several times a season
If you study and apply information about the seasonality of vegetables and fruits, you can grow many more crops per summer in one area. The same bed can be sown two or even three times per season. You do not have to dig up the earth: just clear it of weeds and dead crops, use it again. For example, peas are harvested in July. After collecting it, you can plant beets in the same place, which will grow by October. So that the land does not stand idle, write out a planting plan in advance and follow it.
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5 Put up pergolas
An excellent option for vertical cultivation is pergolas. They are suitable not only for flowers, but also for fruit crops. For example, beans or pumpkins will be happy to curl along the supports. Be careful with the latter: too large pumpkins can break the structure. Either foresee the strengthening, or pluck the fruits early.
6 Build hanging beds
Strawberries are usually grown in hanging beds. This is convenient not only in terms of saving space, but also in terms of harvesting. Ripe strawberries hang down and are easier to pick. Plus, the berries do not come into contact with the ground, they remain clean. The fruits are not subject to rot, insect attacks. The only drawback is that the culture will not be able to winter in such containers. Therefore, every season strawberries will have to be planted anew.
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7 Plant in boxes
The boxes can be placed anywhere: on the porch, railings, window sills. Thus, you will significantly expand the usable area on which you can grow crops. In addition, vegetables in containers look very beautiful, and boxes can also be rearranged from place to place if necessary. Don’t forget about regular watering and good drainage for such plantings.