Roses in landscape design: 6 best ideas and 97 beautiful photos to inspire you
They say that if you plant at least one rose in your garden, you won’t be able to stop. The Queen of Flowers conquers once and for all. Terry and satin, romantic climbing and elegant bush, white, red, yellow, purple — the variety strikes the most sophisticated imagination. In this article we will tell you how to use roses in landscape design, where it is better to plant them and who to choose as neighbors.
All about rose bushes and plantings in the design of your garden
— Ancient garden
– Modern garden
Types of modern garden
– ground cover
Where and next to whom is it better to plant
Best Garden Ideas
There are different approaches to the classification of roses. But the classic is the one that was adopted in 1976 by the World Federation of the Rose Society. In her
- Species or wild.
- Vintage garden.
- Modern gardening.
Species or wild
These are flowers growing in the wild, on their own. They are less whimsical, bloom, as a rule, once per season, have a natural appearance of a bush.
The names of ancient garden varieties are fascinating: Alba, Bourbon, Damascus, Gallic Chinese … All these species are united by the fact that they already existed by 1867, when the first hybrid tea appeared. From that moment on, the old varieties lost their positions. But recently, interest in them is returning.
Their story begins in 1867, when breeders from France bred La France hybrid tea roses. From their predecessors, modern garden plants are distinguished by a longer duration and multiplicity of flowering, a richness of bud colors. Let’s take a closer look at some representatives of this class.
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Types of modern garden roses
Lush, large double flowers can delight all summer: from June to autumn.
They amaze with a variety of colors: there are white, cream, burgundy, purple, even orange and two-tone. The bush is quite tall, sometimes growing up to a meter or even more. They also have a rich, rich aroma. Such flowers will become dominant. That’s why
Dense branched bushes do not differ in height. Usually it does not exceed 60 cm. But they are literally strewn with small flowers collected in inflorescences.
The color of the petals is not as diverse as that of hybrid tea. As a rule, these are shades of red, pink, white. They bloom all summer, until late autumn. Thanks to lush inflorescences, they will decorate the garden. They are used in a variety of compositions.
This is the result of crossing tea-hybrid and polyanthus species.
From the first he got a variety of color buds. But, like polyanthaceae, floribunda flowers are collected in inflorescences. The bush itself is low, up to 60 cm. They bloom for a long time, in several waves, all summer and the first month of autumn.
The peculiarity of these plants is already clear from the name. They seem to cover the ground, creep along it.
They are undersized and grow in width. Flowers are collected in clusters. Buds can have a variety of shades. They bloom all summer until the first frost. Ground cover roses in landscape design
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Miniature or curb
Graceful, undersized bushes with small flowers.
Usually their height does not exceed 50 cm. They differ in the duration of flowering. The color of the buds is very diverse. In landscape design, border roses can be used not only for planting in open ground, but also in hanging planters, baskets, portable pots.
This species can be divided into two subspecies.
- The first is ramblers. They are distinguished by long flexible and rather pliable branches. Covered with small flowers collected in inflorescences. Bloom once.
- The second group is large-flowered (or climbers), with thick, hard shoots. They bloom in waves. But some have a single bloom.
In landscape design, climbing roses (photo below) are used to decorate arches, arbors, walls, and various vertical structures.
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Where is the best place to plant
These plants are not called capricious for nothing. They are indeed quite demanding. Including the landing site.
From seeds, amateur gardeners grow roses infrequently. Usually they prefer propagation by cuttings.
Roses will not take root in a low place where water stagnates and is too humid. It is better to settle them higher, you can even specially raise the ground level. Ground water should be far enough away.
Another important condition — when planting, leave free space between the bushes, they do not like crowding.
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How to use roses in landscape design
Flower beds and mixborders
Plants of different varieties, of course, will decorate any flower bed or flower garden. Usually they are given a central place. And complement more modest companions. However, this is not the law. They may well coexist with other bright, even accent plants. The main thing is that they do not interfere with each other, have similar requirements for living conditions, make harmonious color combinations with each other.
By the way, wild species and some other varieties will fit perfectly into fashionable flower beds in the New Wave style. Their feature is the desire to imitate the natural, miraculous environment.
A rose is an absolutely self-sufficient flower. Can be used solo as well. Therefore, you can create an exceptionally pink corner on the site.
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This is not only one of the expressive, but also one of the most rational ways of landing.
Dense bushes will mask a fence made of wood or metal, hide your site from prying eyes. The fence can be independent, «live». In both cases, you will get a full-fledged flower garden, which does not take up extra space. This is a good solution for small areas where every centimeter of free space is important.
Climbing varieties will do. But you can also plant ordinary shrubs. The main thing is that you are satisfied with their height. For example, hybrid tea and floribunda can grow up to 1.5 meters. By the way, hedges can be used not only around the perimeter, but also inside to zone the space.
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Another classic option. A climbing, climbing plant with delicate or, conversely, bright buds will transform the recreation area. It will add romance, a sense of solitude.
For large structures, you can use several bushes of climbing plants at once. It looks interesting combination of buds of different colors and shades. But it is important to correctly set the direction of growth for the shoots of the plant. Branches with flowers should be both outside and inside. Otherwise, it will be possible to admire the chic buds only from the side.
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Borders and walkways
Undersized varieties are usually planted along borders and paths in small areas. For example, options for miniature or ground cover, polyanthus roses are suitable.
If the territory is vast, it is possible to form alleys with a fence of flowering bushes. Higher grades will already be appropriate here.
Entrance groups and facades of buildings
It is difficult to come up with a more picturesque, rich and at the same time natural decoration for the entrance to the house and the facade of the building than green shoots strewn with buds.
There are a lot of options for such design. You can just plant bushes against the wall of the building. You can let a climbing, climbing plant along the facade.
Country cottage area
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Mobile flower garden and container garden
You can decorate a veranda, terrace or window sill with hanging planters with miniature plants.
Also use outdoor pots and containers. This solution allows you to create new compositions from time to time, change them according to your mood.
Bonus: a rose for the lazy
The stem-rose, although it bears such a name, has nothing to do with roses. It belongs to the Malvaceae family. And yet they have something in common: terry or satin, lush, large, bright buds. Tall slender mallow is literally strewn with them. In landscaping, stock roses are often used in rustic flower beds or «wild» gardens.
For a gardener, this plant is a godsend. For all its beauty and splendor, it is absolutely unpretentious. This applies to both soil and irrigation. A serious threat to a tall flower is only a strong wind — it can break a thin stem.
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