The design of the courtyard of a private house: the main stages and design tips (90 photos)


Landscape design of the yard in a private house is a scope for creativity and the ability to decorate the territory exactly the way you want. But complete freedom often leads to confusion: where to start and what should be done in general? This article will detail the basic steps that will help you plan your ideal site on your own.

Tips for the design and arrangement of the courtyard of a private house

General rules
Yard layout
— Front
— rear
— Rest zone
— Trees
– Shrubs
— Flowers
– Lawn

General rules

If you plan to design the courtyard of a private house, as in the photo below, with your own hands, then the general principle of action will be the same for a large area, and for several acres.

Social networks of blogger Elena Denisenko

Even if the house adjoining area is very tiny, you need to draw up a design project or at least draw a schematic plan. But before that, analyze the territory. Find information about what type of soil is here, find out the level of groundwater, track how natural light changes during the day, note the features of the relief, as well as local flora and fauna. It’s great if you collect a mini-dossier on your site, writing out all the important details. After all, it is from them that you will build on, thinking through the future landscape.

After you have all the necessary information, draw a plan of the territory to the exact scale and taking into account the existing buildings (if you do not plan to demolish them). Then add to the drawing everything that should appear around the house: paths, greenhouses, beds and flower beds, outbuildings, a recreation area, gazebos and ponds. It is not necessary to do all this at once — give yourself time to prepare and supplement the project gradually, each time you decide on a new object.

At the same time, create a folder on your computer or start a board on Pinterest, where you can add your favorite photos and ideas as you plan.

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    Do-it-yourself landscape design of a garden plot: useful tips, 72 photos and 5 video tutorials

Yard layout

Any adjoining territory is divided into the front part and the backyard. Also, most often they allocate space for a place to relax and a utility block. Let’s take a closer look at how to plan the main zones.

front part

Social networks of the blogger Zelenaya Komnata

The area in front of the house is the calling card of the entire site. It includes the front gate, the porch and everything in between. It is this part of the landscape that guests and neighbors see, so the design should be as aesthetic as possible. What should be in front of the yard:

  • Flowerbeds, vertical landscaping of facades or curly shrubs in front of the porch.
  • Neat paths — can be made of wood, concrete, gravel, paving slabs (choose material depending on the overall style).
  • Lawn and small garden trees.
  • Lanterns and decorative lighting.

If there is enough space and the terrain allows, a small lounge area can also be arranged in the front. Or make a decorative pond, stream or a beautiful fountain.

Where to look for announcements of materials and fresh ideas for the interior? Subscribe to our channels! We publish beautiful selections, videos and reviews:

Backyard design of a private house

Depending on the shape and area of ​​the plot behind the house, there can be either a very tiny nook or a vast territory with enough space for several full-fledged zones.

Social media blogger Laperuzaa

If you have a couple of meters between the wall and the fence, you can plant fruit trees, shade-loving plants there, or simply make a flat lawn with a path. Don’t forget to add some lights so you don’t have to find your way in the dark.

If the space behind the house is large enough, this is an ideal place to equip a recreation area, a playground or, for example, a swimming pool. If the door from the kitchen opens onto this side, you can organize a barbecue area or put an additional dining table in order to move to fresh air in good weather.

Rest zone

A corner for relaxation deserves special attention — it is needed in every area, and in a large area there may not even be one.

Social networks of blogger Ekaterina Derkacheva

For a relaxation zone, it is important to choose the right location. The place should be quite secluded, protected from wind and sun. If the natural landscape cannot provide this, it makes sense to consider the design of the courtyard of a private house with a gazebo, a small terrace or a light canopy. The filling of this zone of the site depends on the composition of the family and the lifestyle of the household.

Most popular options:

  • Soft group — usually consists of a garden sofa, armchairs or poufs with a small table. Often a decorative hearth is also installed here.
  • Pool or fountain.
  • Chaise lounges for sunbathing.

  • Dining group for breakfast and lunch in the fresh air.
  • Place for barbecue with barbecue.

If children live or often visit the house, you can put a swing next to the resting place for adults, make a sandbox or, if there is enough space, organize a full-fledged playground. This is convenient, because the kids will always be in front of their parents. In the gallery below — a photo of design ideas for a modern courtyard of a private house with a seating area.


All of the above zones should be conveniently connected to each other so that you do not have to trample the lawn and plantings. Garden paths will help with this.

Social networks of blogger Ekaterina Derkacheva

Plus, it’s just practical: less chaotic greenery means less weed problems and easier garden maintenance. The tracks are easy to make with your own hands, besides, the choice of materials is large:

  • Tree cuts.

  • Gravel.
  • Paving stones.
  • Stone.
  • Tile.
  • Concrete plates.

You can use only one, or you can combine several. For example, gravel paths with paving stones look colorful. Or pebbles combined with wooden elements. Sometimes a small fence is added to the paths — in this case, choose a safe structure that will not get lost in the greenery and will not create a risk of tripping over it.

Do not forget to think over the route of the paths at the planning stage: they should simplify logistics in the local area, and not complicate it.

  • 8 common and gross mistakes in laying paths on the site (know and do not repeat!)

    Country cottage area

    8 common and gross mistakes in laying paths on the site (know and do not repeat!)


The main part of any suburban area are plants. Their choice must be approached no less carefully than the zoning and location of buildings.


Social networks of Landshaft Maykop studio

All trees can be classified either by type (deciduous and coniferous) or by purpose (fruit and ornamental). They perform several important tasks at once: they form a natural landscape, help to zone the space, protect from the sun, and some of them bring the harvest. To put together a set for your site, first decide which of these features are most important to you. Are you planning to grow your own fruit, or do you just want to enjoy the beautiful view? Do you like softwoods or hardwoods? Also consider the natural topography and soil type so that the plantings take root well and it is easier for you to care for them.

Beginning gardeners and those who do not like to work hard in the country should pay attention to unpretentious trees:

  • Fruit — apple, cherry plum, cherry, bird cherry.
  • Decorative deciduous — birch, silver maple, chestnut, mountain ash, larch.
  • Decorative conifers — spruce, thuja, pine.

How to plan an orchard:

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    7 fast growing trees for your yard


Shrub species create a smooth visual transition between undersized plants and tall trees in the garden.

Social networks of blogger Irusia

Beautiful decorative bushes, especially flowering ones, can not only be distributed over the territory of the site, but also made the basis of the flower bed. Try to plant perennial varieties in the area so as not to do extra work every season. For example, pay attention to cinquefoil, spray rose, cistus, jasmine, heather. From the berries you can plant raspberries, gooseberries, blackberries, sea buckthorn, dogwood.

If you like a regular garden style with its strict forms and symmetry, take a closer look at topiary breeds that are grown for a haircut. For beginner gardeners, for example, brilliant cotoneaster, barberry, vesicle and alpine currant are suitable.

How to plant berry bushes:


It is the flowers that become the decoration of any garden, inhaling bright colors into it and creating a special mood.

Social media blogger My Summer Cottage Garden

When choosing varieties for your site, focus on:

  • own tastes and preferences.
  • The type of soil in the area.
  • Illumination.
  • Your experience in gardening and the amount of time you are willing to devote to caring for the flower garden.

When choosing flowers, remember a few tricks. First, the rule of contrast. Plant nearby plants of different sizes, shapes, colors, group them and create colorful compositions. Secondly, try to choose crops so that they bloom at different times — otherwise there is a risk that your flower corner will be bright and fragrant only in the first or, conversely, the last month of the summer season. Finally, add at least a few perennials — they will greatly simplify your work for the next year.

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    We do it beautifully: 18 best perennial flowers for flower beds in the country and ready-made planting patterns


The landscape design of the courtyard of a private house (photo below) cannot be imagined without fresh green grass.

Social networks of the blogger Zelenaya Komnata

The lawn fills the free space between plantings, buildings and paths, makes the site brighter and forms a natural surface. Depending on the overall style, it can be perfectly cut or more natural (but it still needs care). When choosing lawn grass, pay attention to its coverage, growth rate and resistance to trampling. In stores, you can find monocultures and ready-made mixtures of herbs. The first option looks more aesthetically pleasing, while the second is more resistant to adverse weather conditions and mechanical stress. Choose based on what is more important to you.

Country house


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